alexa

GET THE APP

Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
<em>In Vitro</em> Biodegradation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) by <em>Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa </em>and<em> Aspergillus niger</em> | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

In Vitro Biodegradation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) by Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus niger

Okwute Ojonoma Loretta*, Stephen E, Ezeata A and Usman E

Department of Microbiology, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Okwute OL
Department of Microbiology
University of Abuja
Abuja, Nigeria
Tel: +2348065261042
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 03, 2016; Accepted date: July 15, 2016; Published date: July 19, 2016

Citation: Loretta OO, Stephen E, Ezeata A, Usman E (2016) In Vitro Biodegradation of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) by Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus niger. J Bioremed Biodeg 7: 361. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000361

Copyright: © 2016 Loretta OO, et al. This is an open-a ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

In vitro Comparison of Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) degradation was carried out using Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus niger over a period of 16 days using POME as carbon source. pH, nitrate, phosphate, turbidity, and bacterial counts were carried out at intervals of 0, 4, 8, 12, and 16 days to assess the progress of degradation. There was appreciable increase in pH and turbidity in medium containing the organisms while phosphate and nitrate decreased with time. Colony counts showed a decline after day 8 in all organisms. The counts in P. aeruginosa and B. subtilis were higher than that of A. niger throughout the period of study. There were no significant differences (p>0.05) in the pH and nitrate while significant differences were observed in the turbidity, phosphate and colony counts at 5% probability level. Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrophotometric (GCMS) analysis carried out on days 0, 7, and 14 for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Aspergillus niger showed decrease in peaks after day 7 while samples containing B. subtilis showed no reduction in peak numbers rather new compounds were formed in the process. At the end of the study, it was deduced that P. aeruginosa was able to efficiently utilize POME as a carbon source for growth better than Aspergillus niger and Bacillus subtilis and could play a great role in large scale treatment of palm oil effluent.

Keywords

Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 6613

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation received 6613 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation peer review process verified at publons
Indexed In
  • CAS Source Index (CASSI)
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Academic Keys
  • JournalTOCs
  • ResearchBible
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • EBSCO A-Z
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • SWB online catalog
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • MIAR
Share This Page
https://ilbet.fun/ https://jasminbet.fun/ https://jojobet.fun/ https://kingbetting.fun/ https://klasbahis.fun/ https://kolaybet.fun/ https://lidyabet.fun/ https://maksibet.fun/ https://matbet.fun/ https://melbetx.fun/
Top