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In-situ Biological Water Treatment Technologies for Environmental Remediation: A Review | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
Open Access

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Research Article

In-situ Biological Water Treatment Technologies for Environmental Remediation: A Review

Mohamed Ateia1, Chihiro Yoshimura1 and Mahmoud Nasr2*
1Department of Civil Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 2-12-1-M1-4 Ookayama, Tokyo 152-8552 Japan
2Department of Sanitary Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Alexandria University, PO Box 21544, Alexandria, Egypt
Corresponding Author : Mahmoud Nasr
Department of Sanitary Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
Alexandria University, PO Box 21544, Alexandria, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 18, 2016; Accepted April 07, 2016; Published April 11, 2016
Citation: Ateia M, Yoshimura C, Nasr M (2016) In-situ Biological Water Treatment Technologies for Environmental Remediation: A Review. J Bioremed Biodeg 7:348. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000348
Copyright: © 2016 Ateia M, et al. This is an open-a ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Water treatment technologies can be classified as in-situ or ex-situ technologies. In-situ biological techniques include the use of aquatic plants, aquatic animals, and microbial remediation. Approaches to alleviate surface water pollution should use bioremediation methods as a primary technique. These methods should be tested not only on rivers and lakes, but also on other polluted surface streams. Furthermore, bioremediation processes need to be optimized depending on flow condition and nutrient availability. This paper comprehensively reviews the latest surface water remediation techniques that are suitable for in-situ applications, focusing on bioremediation technologies as effective techniques to remedy polluted water.

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