Reach Us +44 1223 790975


Emotional and Cognitive Processing Deficits in People with Parkinson's Disease and Apathy | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0460

Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Emotional and Cognitive Processing Deficits in People with Parkinson's Disease and Apathy

Martha F Hanby1, Michelle Barraclough2, Shane McKie3, Neal Hinvest4, Kathryn McDonald3, Rebecca Elliott3 and Iracema Leroi3,5*


1Department of Cardiovascular sciences, University of Leicester, UK

2Institute of Inflammation and Repair, University of Manchester, UK

3Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, University of Manchester, UK

4University of Bath, UK

5Manchester Mental Health and Social Care Trust, UK

Corresponding Author:
Iracema Leroi
Senior Lecturer in Psychiatry/Honorary Consultant
Older Adult Psychiatry, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre
University of Manchester, Institute of Brain, Behaviour and Mental Health
Jean McFarlane Building, 3rd Floor, Oxford Road
Manchester, M13 9PL, United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 161 306 7942
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 27, 2014; Accepted date: July 25, 2014; Published date: August 15, 2014

Citation: Hanby MF, Barraclough M, McKie S, Hinvest N, McDonald K, et al. (2014) Emotional and Cognitive Processing Deficits in People with Parkinson ’s Disease and Apathy. J Alzheimers Dis Parkinsonism 4:156. doi:10.4172/2161-0460.1000156

Copyright: © 2014 Hanby MF, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Background: Apathy is a common non-motor syndrome of Parkinson’s disease (PD), understood as a quantitative reduction in goal-directed behaviour consisting of cognitive and emotional dimensions. Methods: Participants with PD (n=61) were assessed in different medication states on tasks of executive function and emotional processing. Performance was compared to that of a healthy control group (HC, n=19). The PD group was further divided into those with and without clinically significant apathy and compared using the same measures in an exploratory manner. Results: Compared to the HC group, the PD participants performed significantly worse on tests of executive function, the Iowa Gambling Task, and recognition of happiness on the Facial Emotional Recognition Task. Compared to PD participants without apathy, those with PD and apathy were found to have selective impairments on tasks of attention and the recognition of disgust, fear and happiness. No ef fects of dopamine were seen. Conclusion: The presence of apathy in PD is associated with selective cognitive and emotional processing deficits, which do not appear to be dopamine dependent.


Recommended Conferences

6th World Congress on Epilepsy and Brain Disorders

Valencia, Spain

5th World Brain Congress

Rome, Italy
Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 2590

Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism received 2590 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism peer review process verified at publons
Indexed In
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Academic Keys
  • JournalTOCs
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Electronic Journals Library
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • SWB online catalog
  • Virtual Library of Biology (vifabio)
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • Euro Pub
Share This Page
Peer Reviewed Journals

Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals

Clinical & Medical Journals

Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar