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Emulsification Properties of Bioemulsifiers Produced by Wild-Type and Mutant Bradyrhizobium elkanii Strains | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
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Research Article

Emulsification Properties of Bioemulsifiers Produced by Wild-Type and Mutant Bradyrhizobium elkanii Strains

Erica Mendes Lopes1, Tereza Cristina Luque Castellane1, Cristiane Moretto1, Eliana Gertrudes de Macedo Lemos1 and Jackson A Marcondes de Souza2*
1Department of Technology, Faculty of Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences, UNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Brazil
2Department of Applied Biology for Agriculture, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, UNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Brazil
Corresponding Author : Jackson A. Marcondes de Souza
Department of Applied Biology for Agriculture
College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences
UNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Brazil
Tel: +55-16-32092675 (extension 217)
Fax: +55-16-32092675
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 07, 2014; Accepted September 20, 2014; Published September 22, 2014
Citation: Lopes EM, Castellane TCL, Moretto C, Lemos EGM, Souza JAM (2014) Emulsification Properties of Bioemulsifiers Produced by Wild-Type and Mutant Bradyrhizobium elkanii Strains. J Bioremed Biodeg 5: 245. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000245
Copyright: © 2014 Lopes EM, et al. This is an open-a ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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The use of biosurfactant is a promising alternative over the chemical surfactant as they are better biodegradable and do not pollute the environment. To date, there is little information on the biosurfactant producing microorganisms belonging to different Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium species. In this study, the emulsifying properties of both culture media and a substantially cell-free medium from bacterial cell cultures in which B. elkanii SEMIA 587 or mutant strains cultivated in defined media supplemented with sucrose were determined by measuring the emulsifying activity, which determined the ability of biosurfactant in forming oil-water emulsion, and emulsifying index (E24), which determined the capacity of surfactant in forming emulsions on different hydrophobic substrates (soybean oil, sunflower oil or diesel oil). The performance of strains as bio emulsifier were very contrasting as shown by their specific emulsification indexes with different substrates, beginning at 24 hours. Regarding emulsifying index for cells, best result of E24 was obtained by using sunflower oil for wild type and mutants with exception for 587::TnphoA31 that witch got better results in soybean oil. However, analysing using cell-free medium have shown higher E24 values mostly in soybean oil except for 587::TnphoA31 and 587::TnphoA50 which have performed better in diesel oil. This finding indicates a probable production of bioemulsificants that adhere to the cell wall of this bacterium and are extracellular. The same E24 value (79.17%) was observed in the case of soybean oil with culture medium from both the wild-type and the mutant strain 587::TnphoA50. The emulsification capacity was very sensitive to the temperature, pH and NaCl concentration changes. These results demonstrate that the Bradyrhizobium strains could be attractive for use in biosurfactants applications, these products is great due to growing demand for biodegradable and environmentally friendly analogues for synthetic chemicals.


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