Epidemiological Pattern of Bullying among School Children in Mazandaran Province-IranRezapour M1, Hamid Soori2* and Khodakarim S3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Hamid Soori
Department of Epidemiology
Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center
martyr Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran- Iran
Tel: +98 22439980
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: May 19, 2014; Accepted Date: June 17, 2014; Published Date: June 23, 2014
Citation: Soori H, Rezapour M, Khodakarim S (2014) Epidemiological Pattern of Bullying among School Children in Mazandaran Province-Iran. J Child Adolesc Behav 2:145. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000145
Copyright: © 2014 Soori H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background and Objective: School bullying, the most common type of school violence, comprises a spectrum of aggressive behaviors that involve both perpetrators and victims. The purpose of this study was to investigate extent and nature of school bullying among middle school pupils in North of Iran.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 834 Iranian middle school students. Participants completed a self-report anonymous questionnaire measuring bullying and victimization (Iranian- Olweus Bullying Questionnaire). Descriptive statistics and the Pearson test and multinomial logistic regressions with area, gender and grade variables were applied.
Results: Prevalence rates of bullying behaviors based on the cut-off point at 2 or 3 times a month were 5.4% for only bully, 22.1% for only victim and 11% for both bully-victim. The prevalence of each form of victimization were 24.7% verbal, 15% relational, 10.3% physical and for each form of bullies 11% verbal, 5.3% relational, 6.4% physical. Boys were more involved in all forms bullying behaviors. Rural students were more involved in bullying.The most common places of victimization were the playground or athletic fields. The majority of victims were bullied by their classmates.
Conclusions: Different forms of bullying have distinct nature and epidemiological pattern indicates bullying exists in Iranian schools and that effective bullying prevention and appropriate intervention programs are recommended.