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ISSN 2473-6449

Journal of Nutrition Science Research
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Research Article

Factors Affecting Sleep Quality among Adolescent Athletes

Hoi Man Lo1,2, Joyce Hoi Yee Leung1,3, Gavin Ka Yin Chau4, Michael HS Lam1,2,5*, Ka Yiu Lee1,2,5and Alex Ho1

1Vocational Training Council, Chai Wan, Hong Kong

2Academy of Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, UK

3Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong

4Faculty of International Tourism and Management, City University of Macau, Xian Xing Hai, Macau

5International Industry and Professional Accreditation Association, Hong Kong

*Corresponding Author:
Michael HS LAM
Academy of Sport and Physical Activity
Faculty of Health and Wellbeing
Sheffield Hallam, UK
Tel: +44 114 225 5560
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: March 17, 2017; Accepted Date: June 05, 2017; Published Date: June 30, 2017

Citation: Lo HM, Leung JHY, Chau GKY, Lam MHS, Lee KY, et al. (2017) Factors Affecting Sleep Quality among Adolescent Athletes. Sports Nutr Ther 2: 123. doi: 10.4172/2473-6449.1000123

Copyright: © 2017 Lo HM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Objectives: This study used a cross-sectional experimental design to examine the association between sleep quality and sports performance among adolescent recreation team-sports athletes in Hong Kong. By investigating the factors that affect sleep quality, it intended to arouse awareness of coaches and athletes the importance of sleeping so that they can improve training and competition performance. Methods: Hundred and twelve male and female participants with age range from 12 to 17 were involved in this study. A One-way ANCOVA model was designed to analyze the relationships among sleep quality and five factors (consume of caffeine or alcohol, extreme mood, sleeping environment, anxiety due to academic, and anxiety due to sports) and multiple regression analysis was adopted to predict the sleep quality through the coefficient of those variables. Results: Consumption of drinks or food that contained caffeine or alcohol, experiencing extreme mood such as shock or being too excited before sleep and having a bright and noisy sleeping environment affected the sleep quality. Most student athletes were struggling between academic results and sports in Hong Kong. The results had shown that nervousness due to academic was another factor that affected sleep quality. It has also found that not only academic results could affect sleep quality of student-athletes, but also nervousness due to sports could also be another thrilling factor. There were significance effects among factors in “drinking/eating drinks/food which contains caffeine or alcohol”, “poor sleeping environment”, “sleeping duration”, and “self-rated sleep quality”. Conclusion: The preliminary findings provide evidence that majority of secondary student-athletes are suffering from inadequate sleep due to dreadful sleeping qualities, which caused adverse conditions both physically and psychologically, and brought worst impacts to training and competitions performance. It is recommended that sleep hygiene could be promoted to coaches and athletes to enrich their knowledge of having better sleeping patterns. Much needed evidence regarding relationships of different aspects such as brain wave, sleeping patterns, injuries, diet, and the possible effects on sleep quality.

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