alexa First Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Survey of
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Research Article

First Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Survey of Mosquitoes and Malaria Vector Control at Household Level in Lobito Town (Angola)

Foumane V1 , Besnard P2, Le Mire J3, Fortes F4, Dos Santos M5, Manguin S6 , Carnevale P7*
1Organisation de Coordination pour la lutte contre les Endémies en Afrique Centrale (OCEAC) BP 288, Yaoundé, Cameroun
2Head Medical Service, SubSea7, 1 quai Marcel Dassault, 92156 Suresnes cedex, France
3Medical Department, Sonamet – Lobito, Rua 1° de Dezembro, Lobito - Provincia de Benguela Caixa postal n°479, France
4Head National Malaria Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Luanda, Angola
5Head Malaria Control Programme, Sonamet – Lobito, Rua 1° de Dezembro Lobito - Provincia de Benguela Caixa postal n°479, France
6Research Professor, Lab. Immuno-Physiopathologie Moléculaire Comparée (UMR-MD3), IRD; Faculté de Pharmacie, 15 Av. Charles Flahault, 34093 Montpellier, France
7Director of Research EC, Le Majoral Building, 34420 Portiragnes France
Corresponding Author : Carnevale P
Director of Research EC
Le Majoral Building, 34420 Portiragnes, France
Tel: 0033618910523
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: July 25, 2015 Accepted: August 21, 2015 Published: August 26, 2015
Citation: Foumane V, Besnard P, Le Mire J, Fortes F, Dos Santos M et al. (2015) First Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Survey of Mosquitoes and Malaria Vector Control at Household Level in Lobito Town (Angola). J Infect Dis Ther 3:230. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000230
Copyright: © 2015 Foumane V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

A classical cluster sampling survey (420 households) was implemented in 2011 in Lobito town (Angola) to make a situation analysis of current use of mosquito net, and other mosquito control method, at household level after and before another scaling-up of LLIN in the framework of the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP). Three main points clearly appeared (i) 94% of people implement mosquito control at household level considering mosquitoes as a nuisance due to bite (83%) and noise (63%) while their importance as vector of diseases are quoted by 22%, (ii) the mostly used method for mosquito control at familial level was still the domestic insecticide canister (# 60%) and mosquito coils (36%) while « one mosquito net/family » at least was reported from more than 50% of households and (iii) nets were mainly used to protect babies (>50%) showing a great sensitization and knowledge of the risk of malaria in babies after the first step of LLIN by NMCP targeting « at risk » groups. The main reasons reported for the non-use of mosquito nets were « lack of comfort » and « too hot » while the cost was not considered as a main reason for non-getting net. More than 80% of interviewed people were aware of LLIN and almost 70% « ready to use » if available. These information are of great importance for NMCP which did large scale distribution of LLIN targeting « less than 5 years children » and « pregnant women » and has to further elaborate and develop adapted IEC programme for the targeted universal coverage.

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