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Fisheries Baseline Survey Describing Status of Fisheries in Lake Zeway, Ethiopia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-2608

Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production
Open Access

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Research Article

Fisheries Baseline Survey Describing Status of Fisheries in Lake Zeway, Ethiopia

Endebu M1*, Lema A1, Genet T1, Mitike A1, Regassa B2, Dejen E3 and Abegaz H4

1Zeway Fisheries Resources Research Center, PO, Box 229, Zeway, Ethiopia

2Oromia Livestock Development and Health Agency, PO Box 150036, AA, Ethiopia

3FAO Sub Regional Office for Eastern Africa, P.O. Box 5536, AA, Ethiopia

4Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ministry of Agriculture P.O. Box 62347, AA, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:
Endebu M
Zeway Fisheries Resources Research Center
PO, Box 229, Zeway
Tel: +251916844466
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: November 27, 2014; Accepted Date: March 25, 2015; Published Date: April 10, 2015

Citation: Endebu M, Lema A, Genet T, Mitike A, Regassa B, et al. (2015) Fisheries Baseline Survey Describing Status of Fisheries in Lake Zeway, Ethiopia. J Fisheries Livest Prod 3:129. doi:10.4172/2332-2608.1000129

Copyright: © 2015 Endebu M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Lake Zeway, the fourth largest lake in Ethiopia, is the most exploited lake for fishery, irrigation, recreation, and tourism. Fishery sustainability of this Lake is reported under threat because of fishing pressure among others. This survey was aimed to update the Lake’s fisheries baseline information which will be used in fisheries management. The primary data was collected during intensive fishing, August 7-21, 2013 in all three districts bordering the Lake. Papers were reviewed to assess the change in fish species composition and total catch. The baseline survey included fishermen’s socio-demographic, educational status, fishing experience, purpose of fishing, condition of employment, fishing activities, fishing boat and fishing gears inventory. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS). A total of 1021 fishermen (99.9% male), 43 major landing sites and 14 fishermen cooperatives operating on the Lake were observed during the survey. Among the respondent fishers, 494 (48.4%) were members of the cooperatives while 521 (51%) were not. The livelihoods of 4,632 people were known to directly depend on fishing activities on Lake Zeway including the interviewed fishers. Number of fishermen and all fishing gears operating on the lake increased except for gillnets as compared to the 1993 baseline survey report. However, secondary data shows that total fish landing from the lake is declining and fish species composition of the lake is also changing, threatening the fisheries sustainability. Hence the Lake’s fisheries management system should be addressed for the sustainability.

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