alexa

GET THE APP

Geological and Archaeological Evidence of El Niño Events along the Coast of El Oro Province Ecuador: Excavations at La Emerenciana a LateValdivia (ca. 2200 1450 B.C.) Ceremonial Center | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Geological and Archaeological Evidence of El Niño Events along the Coast of El Oro Province Ecuador: Excavations at La Emerenciana a LateValdivia (ca. 2200 1450 B.C.) Ceremonial Center

John E. Staller*
Prometeo Facultad de Ciencias Matemáticas y Físicas, Universidad de Guayaquil, Ecuador
Corresponding Author : John E. Staller
Prometeo Facultad de Ciencias
Matemáticas y Físicas, Universidad
de Guayaquil, Ecuador
Tel: +593 4-228-3348
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 09, 2015; Accepted August 25, 2015; Published August 28, 2015
Citation: Staller JE (2015) Geological and Archaeological Evidence of El Niño Events along the Coast of El Oro Province Ecuador: Excavations at La Emerenciana a Late Valdivia (ca. 2200 1450 B.C.) Ceremonial Center. J Bioremed Biodeg 6:309. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000309
Copyright: © 2015 Staller JE. This is an open-a ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at Pubmed, Scholar Google

Abstract

El Niño-Southern Oscillation is a band of anomalously warm ocean water related to changes in oceanic currents and trade winds. El Niño represents a general warming of surface sea temperatures along the Eastern Pacific, and a lessening or reversal of NE trade winds, creating warm humid air and reducing upwelling of cold waters resulting in dramatic perturbations to maritime and terrestrial flora and fauna [1,2]. El Niño events are differentiated by intensity and duration, or a combination of both. Particularly extreme or intense events as in 1983/84, or 1997/98 are referred to as Mega El Niño that appear to have their origins 5800 years ago [3-5]. Such climatic and oceanographic perturbations have dramatic impacts upon human adaptation and sociocultural development. These climatic and oceanographic alterations create a reduction of upwelling cold waters along the west coast of South America. These climatic changes result in dramatic perturbations to maritime and terrestrial flora and fauna and, consequently, human adaptation. El Niño events are differentiated by their intensity and duration, or a combination of both [6-8]. Particularly extreme or intense events as in 1983/84, or 1997/98 are referred to as Mega El Niño which appear to have their origins 5800 years ago [3]. There is geological and archaeological evidence based upon the frequency of species of shellfish, to indicate they increased in frequency and duration between 5800 and 3200 BP and decreased in frequency between 3200-2800 BP

Recommended Conferences

5th Annual Congress on Soil, Plant and Water Sciences

Barcelona, Spain
Google scholar citation report
Citations : 5494

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation received 5494 citations as per google scholar report

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation peer review process verified at publons
Indexed In
  • CAS Source Index (CASSI)
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Academic Keys
  • JournalTOCs
  • ResearchBible
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • EBSCO A-Z
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • SWB online catalog
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • MIAR
Share This Page
Top