Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Gravity Flow Dynamic Method for Pectin Extraction from Sunflower Head using Sodium Chloride | OMICS International| Abstract

Biopolymers Research
Open Access

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
  • Research Article   
  • Biopolymers Res 2017, Vol 1(1): 101

Gravity Flow Dynamic Method for Pectin Extraction from Sunflower Head using Sodium Chloride

Muhidinov ZK1, Khalikov DK1, Fishman ML2 and Liu LinShu2*
1V.I. Nikitin Chemistry Institute of the Tajikistan Academy of Sciences, Dushanbe, Tajikistan
2Department of Agriculture, Eastern Regional Research Center, ARS, 600 E Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA
*Corresponding Author : Liu LinShu, Department of Agriculture, Eastern Regional Research Center, ARS, US, 600 E Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, PA 19038, USA, Tel: 12152336486, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 04, 2017 / Accepted Date: Jan 24, 2017 / Published Date: Jan 31, 2017


A gravity flow dynamic method was applied for pectin extraction from sunflower head (SFH) residues, byproducts of sunflower oil process. Sodium chloride was used as an ion exchange reagent to decoupling the divalent metal ions that bridge the polyanionic pectin with other components in sunflower cell wall tissues. In comparison with sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP) that is popularly used for sunflower pectin extraction, sodium chloride can be obtained from domestic resources at low cost, is easily dissolved in water at higher concentrations without causing undesired viscosity increases that, in turn, makes this new extraction procedure simpler, more efficient, and cost-effective. This study also demonstrated that the dynamic method was more efficient than the standard static method with respect to pectin yield, processing time, and energy-consumption. Molecular characterization showed that SFH pectin obtained by the new method had higher galacturonic acid content and higher molecular weight.

Keywords: Sunflower; Pectin; Ion exchange; Extraction; Rheology

Citation: Muhidinov ZK, Khalikov DK, Fishman ML, Liu LinShu (2017) Gravity Flow Dynamic Method for Pectin Extraction from Sunflower Head using Sodium Chloride. Biopolymers Res 1:101.

Copyright: © 2017 Muhidinov ZK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Post Your Comment Citation
Share This Article
Article Usage
  • Total views: 9974
  • [From(publication date): 0-2017 - Dec 01, 2022]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views: 9295
  • PDF downloads: 679