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HTLV I Myelopathy Prognostic Factors for Total Gait Disability in Patients with Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus I Associated Myelopathy: a 12-Year Follow-Up Study| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access
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  • Research Article   
  • Epidemiol 2011, Vol 3(3): 131
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000131

HTLV I Myelopathy Prognostic Factors for Total Gait Disability in Patients with Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus I Associated Myelopathy: a 12-Year Follow-Up Study

Ana Paula Silva Champs1,2,3*, Valéria Maria De Azeredo Passos1,3, Sandhi Maria Barreto3,4, Luiz Sergio Vaz2 and João Gabriel Ramos Ribas2
1Department of Clinical Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Alfredo Balena 190, Santa Efigênia, Belo Horizonte/ MG, Brazil
2Hospital Sarah Belo Horizonte, , Avenida Amazonas 5953, Gamelleira, Belo Horizonte / MG, Brazil
3POS Graduate University Federal de Minas Gerais, , Avenida Alfredo Balena 190, Santa Iphigenia, Belo Horizonte / MG, Brazil
4Department of Preventive Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Avenida Alfredo Balena 190, Santa Iphigenia, Belo Horizonte / MG, Brazil
*Corresponding Author : Ana Paula Silva Champs, Department of Clinical Medicine, Hospital Sarah Belo Horizonte, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil, Tel: 55 31 3379 26 00, Fax: 55 31 3379 27 00, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: May 05, 2013 / Accepted Date: Aug 23, 2013 / Published Date: Aug 25, 2013

Abstract

Objectives:
Analyze risk factors for progression towards total gait disability in patients with HAM/TSP.
Methods:
Cohort for investigation of clinical-epidemiological characteristics. The outcome variable of the study was total incapacity to walk. The analysis was conducted using the Kaplan-Meier curve and Cox regression model.
Results:
206 patients were included, with an average time of total gait disability of 22.3 years. The following variables did not have an influence on the prognosis: sex, marital status, educational level, presence of neuropathic pain, diabetes, hypertension, alcoholism and tabagism, blood transfusions, HTLV-1 seropositive partner or mother and spinal medulla atrophy in the MRI. After performing Cox regression, a higher age at onset, the presence of articular limitations in the lower limbs and the level of thoracic neurological lesion are kept as clinical predictors of total gait disability.
Conclusions:
It is necessary to prevent and improve articular limitations in the lower limbs. Patients over the age of sixty had the worst prognosis, probably related to senescence. Few clinical and epidemiological factors explain the different prognoses for the patients with HAM/TSP and the patients who had an initial neurological profile of greater severity presented total gait disabilities in a shorter time.

Keywords: Epidemiology, Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-I), Tropical spastic Paraparesis, Prognosis, Risk factors, Cohort studies

Citation: Silva Champs AP, de Azeredo Passos VM, Barreto SM, Vaz LS, Ramos Ribas JG (2013) HTLV I Myelopathy Prognostic Factors for Total Gait Disability in Patients with Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus I Associated Myelopathy: a 12-Year Follow-Up Study. Epidemiol 3:131. Doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000131

Copyright: © 2013 Silva Champs AP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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