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Human Ageing, Mortality and the Role of Macroeconomics Variables in Determining Death at Older Ages | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access
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  • Research Article   
  • Epidemiol 2014, Vol 4(1): 144
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000144

Human Ageing, Mortality and the Role of Macroeconomics Variables in Determining Death at Older Ages

Paul Andrew Bourne1*, Ikhalfani Solan2, Charlene Sharpe-Pryce3, Jannine Campbell-Smith4 and Cynthia Francis5
1Socio-Medical Research Institute, , 66 Long Wall Drive, Kingston 9, Kingston, Jamaica
2Department of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, South Carolina State University, USA
3Chair, Department of History, Northern Caribbean University, Mandeville, Jamaica
4Cable and Wireless Company, , Jamaica
5University of Technology, Jamaica
*Corresponding Author : Paul Andrew Bourne, Director, Socio-Medical Research Institute, 66 Long Wall Drive, Kingston 9, Kingston, Jamaica, Tel: (1 876) 566 3088, Email:,

Received Date: Nov 10, 2013 / Accepted Date: Jan 23, 2014 / Published Date: Jan 25, 2014


Introduction: Human death is an old phenomenon that changes in degree over the centuries owing to the age structure, diseases, technology, discoveries and information as well as public health measures. Long before the invention of penicillin and the scientific revolution, pandemic and pestilence accounted for most human deaths, and the life expectancy was less than 40 years.

Objectives: This study aims to 1) evaluate the influence of particular macroeconomic conditions on mortality at older ages (60+), 2) model factors on deaths at older ages, 3) examine mortality at older ages, 4) determine the gender composition of mortality at older ages, and 5) provide public health administrators with pertinent information that will aid policy development and formulation.

Methods: This work utilized mainly secondary data analysis. Data were collated from various Jamaican Government Publications, namely Jamaica Survey of Living Conditions, Economic and Social Survey of Jamaica, Bank of Jamaica demographic statistics and the International Monetary Fund statistics. Ordinary least square regression was used to analyse the data. and exchange rate); unemployment, GDP per capita and the annual exchange rate are correlated with mortality at older ages. Poverty and inflation directly impact on mortality at older ages. new findings provide insights into the economics of mortality at older ages.

Results: Of the five (5) macroeconomic variables examined in this paper (inflation, unemployment, poverty, GDP

Conclusion: Death at more advanced ages is equally an economic phenomenon as it is a biological issue, and the

Keywords: Ageing; Fatality; Macroeconomic variables; Public health; Transience; Jamaica

Citation: Bourne PA, Solan I, Sharpe-Pryce C, Campbell-Smith J, Francis C (2014) Human Ageing, Mortality and the Role of Macroeconomics Variables in Determining Death at Older Ages. Epidemiol 4:144. Doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000144

Copyright: © 2014 Bourne PA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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