'I Don't have the Best Life': A Qualitative Exploration of Adolescent LonelinessKaren Emma Martin1*, Lisa Jane Wood1, Stephen Houghton2, Annemaree Carroll3, John Hattie4
- *Corresponding Author:
- Karen Emma Martin
School of Population Health
University of Western Australia
35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley
WA 6009, Australia
Tel:+618 6488 1267
Fax: +618 6488 1188
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 14, 2014; Accepted Date: October 16, 2014; Published Date: October 23, 2014
Citation: Martin KE, Wood LJ, Houghton S, Carroll A, Hattie J (2014) 'I Don't have the Best Life': A Qualitative Exploration of Adolescent Loneliness. J Child Adolesc Behav 2:169. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000169
Copyright: © 2014 Karen Emma Martin, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: Loneliness is considered a significant contributor to adolescent suicidality and mental illness. This study explored the nature of loneliness, aloneness, and friendships as described by early-mid aged adolescents. Methods: In total, 33 (13 male and 20 female) adolescents (aged 10-15) from three primary and two secondary schools located in low, medium, and high socioeconomic areas in Perth, Western Australia were interviewed. Inductive analysis of verbatim transcripts incorporated constant comparative coding, thus forming conceptual categories, relationships, and theory. Results: Loneliness was identified as a multifactorial experience centering on two main constructs: 1) connectedness with friends, and 2) perception of aloneness. Qualitative insights support the concept of adolescents 'positioned' on continuums within these two constructs; 1) friendship- with connected and disconnected anchors, and 2) perception of aloneness - with positive and negative anchors. Conclusions: This study highlighted that loneliness is multidimensional and is influenced both by the existence (or not) of meaningful friendships as well as by how adolescents frame and experience being alone. Being alone can have both positive and negative associations for adolescents, and this appears to be influenced by the setting and experienced frequency of being alone. Aloneness can be buffered by friendship networks, and experienced more negatively when friendships and social connectedness are lacking. This epitomizes vulnerabilities associated with unstable friendships. Assisting adolescents to both develop secure friendships and positive attitudes towards aloneness has an important role to play in reducing adolescent loneliness as well as decreasing the risk of associated negative outcomes. These study results provide direction for practitioners in developing targeted approaches to prevent and reduce loneliness; this includes carefully considering policy and practices that could reduce (or unintentionally induce) loneliness. As the school is a setting in which adolescents are especially vulnerable to feelings of loneliness, school-based strategies could be particularly useful and wide-reaching.