Identification of Core Microorganism in Anammox Consortia Obtained from Different Incubation EnvironmentsTingting Zhu1,2*, Zuotao Zhang3, Shenghua Peng1,2, Sitong Liu3
11State Environmental Protection, Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Source Management and Technology, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Source Safety Control, Shenzhen Key Laboratory of Emerging Contaminates Detection and Control in Water Environment, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
- *Corresponding Author:
- Zhu T
Shenzhen Academy of Environmental Sciences
Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 30, 2017; Accepted date: February 11, 2017; Published date: February 13, 2017
Citation: Zhu T, Zhang Z, Peng S, Liu S (2017) Identification of Core Microorganism in Anammox Consortia Obtained from Different Incubation Environments. J Bioremediat Biodegrad 8:385. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000385
Copyright: © 2017 Zhu T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Anammox is a novel and sustainable wastewater treatment technology which attracts much attention. The impossible isolation of pure anammox bacteria makes the issue about which bacteria types mainly involved in the anammox consortia meaningful but still lacks of investigation nowadays. In order to elucidate the core constituent of anammox consortia, we investigated microbial communities of six anammox consortia with different origins and activities by cloning 16S rRNA gene region. It is found that the stable anammox consortia have similar community structure, even with different origins (e.g. activated sludge and ground water). The bacteria species belonging to Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacterium, Nitrosomonas and Armatimonadetes are the common accompanying bacteria with Plantomycetes in anammox consortia, serving as core microorganisms. The further nitrogen removal profile analysis suggested that, high nitrogen removal activity corresponded to high Plantomycetes percentage. On the contrary, the bacteria species of Rhodocyclaceae, Acidobacteria and Verrucomicrobia mainly present in anammox consortia with abnormal nitrogen removal performance, such as under conditions of bacteria being inhibited. These findings would advance the understanding of anammox microbial community, which correlates with the stability and robustness of anammox consortia.