Integrating Exposed Structural Steel Plate Shear Walls into the Architectural Design Process
- *Corresponding Author:
- Adam R. Phillips
Graduate Research Assistant, Virginia Tech
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
105D Patton Hall, 750 Drillfield Drive, Blacksburg
VA 24061-1051, USA
Received Date: September 20, 2016; Accepted Date: September 25, 2016; Published Date: September 30, 2016
Citation: Phillips AR, Helene Renard RA, Eatherton MR (2016) Integrating Exposed Structural Steel Plate Shear Walls into the Architectural Design Process. J Archit Eng Tech 5: 171. doi: 10.4172/2168-9717.1000171
Copyright: © 2016 Phillips AR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Historical precedent shows that advancements in structural engineering technology can facilitate novel architectural forms. Consideration of a recently conceived shear wall panel through an aesthetic lens prompted the authors to investigate the potential of the panel as an architectural design element and as a tool for collaboration between architects and engineers. The innovative shear panels, called Ring Shaped – Steel Plate Shear Walls (RS-SPSW), are characterized by a pattern of circular rings cut into a solid web plate. The resulting shear wall panel has a strong presence as a sculptural object, acts as a visual screen and defines spatial boundaries while providing lateral load resistance. This study develops this shear wall type into an architectural design element by identifying the variables in the shear wall panel design, creating a common vocabulary that encourages architect/ engineer collaboration, and outlining a design method based on the interior design vision. The design methodology addresses what elements can be modified, and to what degree, while preserving structural performance. A sample narrative explores the use of the proposed vocabulary to showcase how this new piece of architectural technology can be used to foster a more integrated and collaborative design process resulting in a contemporary interior space.