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Interaction between School Built Environments and Physical Activity Policies and Programs on Student Physical Activity | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4494

Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
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Research Article

Interaction between School Built Environments and Physical Activity Policies and Programs on Student Physical Activity

Brenton Button1 and Ian Janssen1,2*

1School of Kinesiology & Health Studies, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada,

2Department of Public Health Sciences, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada

*Corresponding Author:
Ian Janssen
School of Kinesiology & Health Studies Queen’s University
Kingston, ON, Canada, K7L 3N6
Tel: (613)533-6000
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: June 06, 2014; Accepted Date: July 25, 2014; Published Date: July 31, 2014

Citation: ${articleAuthors} (2014) Interaction Between School Built Environments and Physical Activity Policies and Programs on Student Physical Activity . J Child Adolesc Behav 2:150. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000150

Copyright: © 2014 Janssen I, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Objective: The school built environment may interact with school policies and programs to promote or hinder student participation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). The purpose of this study was to explore the interactive effects of the school built environment and physical activity programs and policies on the MVPA of students while at school.

Methods: Data from 17,917 grade 6-10 students from 316 schools who participated in the 2009/10 Canadian Health Behavior in School-Aged Children survey were analyzed using multi-level regression. Students answered questions on the amount of time they spend in MVPA at school. Administrator reports were used to create physical activity related built environment and program/policy scores for each school.

Results: The school built environment score was positively associated with student MVPA (p<.001). This association was moderated by the programs and policies on MVPA such that the association existed in schools with low policy/program scores but not in schools with moderate or high program/policy scores.

Conclusion: The findings suggest that the school built environment is moderated by school policies and programs. These results set the stage for future intervention research addressing the role of the school built environment on students’ health


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