alexa Lactational Exposure to Pesticides: A Review | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2476-2067

Toxicology: Open Access
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Review Article

Lactational Exposure to Pesticides: A Review

Ahmed K Salama*

Biology Department, College of Science, Majmaah University, Saudi Arabia

*Corresponding Author:
Ahmed K. Salama
Biology Department
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: January 17, 2017; Accepted Date: January 31, 2017; Published Date: February 06, 2017

Citation: Salama AK (2017) Lactational Exposure to Pesticides: A Review. Toxicol Open Access 3:122. doi:10.4172/2476-2067.1000122

Copyright: © 2017 Salama AK. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use,distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


The aim of this study is to review the reports of pesticides have been detected in human breast milk in worldwide. Contamination levels of pesticides such as organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs), carbamates and pyrethroids in human breast milk were found to be varied in different countries. The chemical properties of chemicals such as lack of ionization, small molecular weight, low volume of distribution, low maternal serum protein binding, and high lipid solubility, facilitate compound excretion into human milk. Since exposure to pesticides during the early postnatal stages may disturb the normal development of the newborn, such studies may shed light on the wide variety of pesticides that have been detected in human breast milk.


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