Malaria among the Geriatric Population in Parts of South-Eastern Nigeria: Prevalence, Complications and Co-morbidity with Non-communicable Diseases
Chukwuocha UM*, Chukwuocha AN, Udujih OG, Amadi CN, Nwoke EA and Ibeh SNO
Department of Public Health Technology, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria
- Corresponding Author:
- Chukwuocha UM
Department of Public Health Technology
Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 07, 2016 Accepted Date: April 08, 2016 Published Date: April 15, 2016
Citation: Chukwuocha UM, Chukwuocha AN, Udujih OG, Amadi CN, Nwoke EA, et al. (2016) Malaria among the Geriatric Population in Parts of South-Eastern Nigeria: Prevalence, Complications and Co-morbidity with Non-communicable Diseases. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 6:237. doi:10.4172/2161-1165.1000237
Copyright: © 2016 Chukwuocha UM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This study was done to ascertain malaria prevalence, its complications and co-morbidity with non-communicable diseases among the geriatric population in parts of South-Eastern, Nigeria. Ninety two (92) consenting subjects between the ages of 50 and 80 years were recruited in Ihiagwa, South-Eastern Nigeria for the study. Blood samples collected from them were Giemsa stained and examined microscopically for malaria parasites. Clinical examination in addition to health facility records analysis were done to determine malaria signs and symptoms, complications and co-morbidity with non-communicable diseases. There was high malaria prevalence among study subjects. Respiratory involvement (28.2%) was the major complication associated with it while Diabetes Mellitus (44.5%) was found to be the most co-morbid non-communicable disease. The older adults should be adequately included in malaria control programs. Further investigations into the pattern, dynamics and factors relating to malaria co morbidity with non communicable diseases among this age group should be given urgent attention.