alexa Microbiological Aspects of Peritonitis in Patients on C
ISSN: 2332-0877

Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy
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Short Communication

Microbiological Aspects of Peritonitis in Patients on Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis: A Monocentric Five Years Follow up Study

Travar M*, Vlatkovic V and Vojvodic D
Department of Microbiology, University Clinical Centre of Republic of Srpska, Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Corresponding Author : Travar M
Department of Microbiology
University Clinical Centre of Republic of Srpska
Banja Luka, Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tel: 0038765 362809
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: November 03, 2015; Accepted: December 04, 2015; Published: December 15, 2015
Citation: Travar M, Vlatkovic V and Vojvodic D (2015) Microbiological Aspects of Peritonitis in Patients on Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis: A Monocentric Five Years Follow up Study. J Infect Dis Ther 3:255. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000255
Copyright: © 2015 Travar, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Peritonitis is a serious complication of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). CAPD peritonitis usually occurs due to contamination by bacteria from the skin or the environment of the inserted catheter. The aim of this study was to analyze data about microbial cause of peritonitis in patients on CAPD monitored at University Clinical Centre of Republic of Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina in five years period, from October 2010 till October 2015. In the five-year period 69 samples of peritoneal dialysate were examined. The most common isolates were Gram +ve bacteria: Staphylococcus aureus in 9 cases (32.1%), coagulase-negative Staphylococcus 5 (17.6%) and the Gram -ve bacteria Escherichia coli 4 (14.2%) and Enterobacter 3 (10.7%). In one case Candida spp. (3.6%) was isolated. All the Gram positive isolates were sensitive to ciprofloxacin and vancomicin. Among Staphylococcus spp. there were no methicillin resistant strains. The findings of culture of peritoneal dialysate is important for the proper choice of antimicrobial therapy. The use of systemic vancomycin and ciprofloxacin administration is a simple and efficient first-line protocol antibiotic therapy for PD peritonitis.

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