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Journal of Tuberculosis and Therapeutics
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  • Research Article   
  • J Tuberc Ther 2017, Vol 2(1): 106

Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis of (15-60 Years) of Far-Western Region of Nepal

Bhuwan Thakurathi1*, Raksha Giri2, Deepak Kumar Yadav3, Vijay Khanal3, Suman Chandra Gurung4, Mohan Thakurathi5 and Om Prakash Joshi6
1Health for Life, RTI International, , Dhangadhi, Kailali, Nepal
2, Suaahara, Dhangadhi, Kailali, Nepal
3B.P Koirala Institute of Health Science, , Dharan, Nepal
4Birat Nepal Medical Trust, , Kathmandu, Nepal
5Seti Zonal Hospital, , Dhangadhi, Kailali, Nepal
6Save the Children International, , Dhangadhi, Kailali, Nepal
*Corresponding Author : Bhuwan Thakurathi, Health for Life, RTI International, Dhangadhi, Kailali, Nepal, Tel: +979849024751, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jul 03, 2017 / Accepted Date: Nov 13, 2017 / Published Date: Nov 20, 2017

Abstract

Background: Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is tuberculosis that does not respond to Isoniazid and Rifampicin and remains one of the major public health concerns in the South-East Asia Region of World Health Organization.
Methodology: A descriptive analytical design with an unmatched case-control study was conducted in Kailali district of Far-Western Nepal among purposively selected 50 cases and 50 controls.
Results: Service, business, migrant labor and house wife were found three times more at risk of having MDR-TB than those who were involved in agriculture (OR 3.38; 95% CI 1.12-10.22). People who live in hill/mountain were also found three times more at risk than those who lives in Terai (OR 3.75; 95% CI 1.19-11.86). Similarly, people who had pulmonary tuberculosis were found eleven times more likely to have MDR-TB than those who had extrapulmonary tuberculosis (OR 11.39; 95% CI 1.10 to-117.3).
Conclusion: The study revealed that there was significant association between occupation, place of residence, type of tuberculosis and MDR-TB.

Keywords: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis; HIV; Pulmonary tuberculosis; Risk factors

Citation: Thakurathi B, Giri R, Yadav DK, Khana V, Gurung SC, et al. (2017) Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis of (15-60 Years) of Far-Western Region of Nepal. J Tuberc Ther 2: 106.

Copyright: © 2017 Thakurathi B, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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