Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Reach Us +1-947-333-4405


Mutations and Tumorigenesis Pathways Driving Personalized Treatment in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0681

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology
Open Access

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Mutations and Tumorigenesis Pathways Driving Personalized Treatment in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Michel Velez1, Belisario Arango1, Luis E. Raez2 and Edgardo S. Santos1*

1Section of Thoracic Oncology, Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Florida, USA

2Memorial Cancer Institute, Memorial Health Care System, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Edgardo S. Santos
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
Associate Director, Hematology/Oncology Fellowship Program
Member, Thoracic Oncology Program, Division of Hematology/Oncology
Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center
University of Miami Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, Florida, USA
Tel: 305-243-6554
Fax: 305-243-3289

Received Date: December 06, 2011; Accepted Date: February 21, 2012; Published Date: February 23, 2012

Citation: Velez M, Arango B, Raez LE, Santos ES (2012) Mutations and Tumorigenesis Pathways Driving Personalized Treatment in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. J Clinic Experiment Pathol S5:002. doi: 10.4172/2161-0681.S5-002

Copyright: © 2012 Velez M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


There has not been a more exciting time in lung pathology than now. Because of new developments in tumor biology research and molecular pathology, the entire treatment algorithm of non small cell lung cancer has completely changed. Not too long ago, we still considered “carcinoma compatible with non small cell lung cancer” as a valid histopathologic diagnosis, good enough to start a patient on chemotherapy. Advances in pathology such as immunohistochemistry, gene expression profile, and the implementation of laboratory techniques like polymerase chain reaction, fluorescent in situ hybridization, and others have moved forward this field not only to identify a more accurate classification of this disease but also to identify new tumorigenesis pathways or active mutations which could serve as biomarkers with predictive and/or prognostic power to tailor our therapeutic agents. The fact that pathologists can accurately determine tumor histology as an adenocarcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma has a tremendous impact in the treatment selection. To date, the histologic subtype of non small cell lung cancer is the first step in customization of lung cancer therapy allowing us to choose among several chemotherapeutic agents. However, tumor biology has shown to be a stronger tool to personalized medicine, and pathology plays a crucial role in developing and improving these novel techniques. In this article, we will review the well established and most promising gene abnormalities as well as upregulated pathways recently found in lung cancer patients with the goal to use them to better classify these tumors and to identify new treatments for this disease.