alexa Neurobehavioural Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Alcoho
ISSN: 2376-127X

Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
Open Access

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Short Communication

Neurobehavioural Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol

Garcia-Algar O1,2*, Carballo L2, Reguart N2 and Salat-Batlle J1
1Grup de Recerca Infància i Entorn (GRIE), Institut Hospital del Mar d’Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), Barcelona, Spain
2Departament de Pediatria, Obstetrícia i Ginecologia i Medicina Preventiva, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Barcelona, Spain
Corresponding Author : Garcia-Algar O
Grup de Recerca Infància i Entorn (GRIE)
Institut Hospital del Mar d’Investigacions Mèdiques (IMIM), Barcelona, Spain
Tel: 0034639644139
E-mail: [email protected]
Received May 19, 2014; Accepted July 03, 2015; Published July 07, 2015
Citation: Garcia-Algar O, Carballo L, Reguart N, Salat-Batlle J (2015) Neurobehavioural Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol. J Preg Child Health 2:177. doi: 10.4172/2376-127X.1000177
Copyright: © 2015 Garcia-Algar O, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Neurodevelopmental disabilities seem to be increasing in frequency and industrial chemicals (lead, methylmercury, polychlorinated biphenyls, arsenic, toluene, fluoride, chlorpyrifos, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane, tetrachloroethylene, polybrominateddiphenil ethers) that injure the developing brain are among the known causes for this rise in prevalence. (1) These substances have been identified as developmental neurotoxicants. Grandjean and Landrigan postulated that even more neurotoxicants remain undiscovered and proposed a global prevention strategy. (1) However, we must consider that the intimate prenatal environment is maternal uterus. So, not only maternal environmental chemicals but also maternal prenatal exposure or consumption of substances of abuse (nicotine, alcohol and drugs of abuse) that must be considered as developmental toxicants. Prenatal exposure to alcohol is the most prevalent and unrecognized cause of neurobehavioural deleterious effects around the world. (2) The proposed global prevention strategies must include to avoid the consumption of these substances of abuse during pregnancy.

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