alexa New Advances in Three-Dimensional Endoscopic Surgery
ISSN: 2161-069X

Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System
Open Access

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New Advances in Three-Dimensional Endoscopic Surgery

Kenoki Ohuchida1,2, Nagai Eishi2, Satoshi Ieiri3, Akahoshi Tomohiko3, Ikeda Tetsuo3, Masao Tanaka2 and Makoto Hashizume1,3*

1Department of Advanced Medical Initiatives, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

2Department of Surgery and Oncology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan

3Department of Advanced Medicine and Innovative Technology, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Makoto Hashizume
Department of Advanced Medical Initiatives
Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
3-1-1 Maidashi, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
Tel: +81-92-642-5993
Fax: +81-92-642-5991
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 14, 2013; Accepted date: November 18, 2013; Published date: November 26, 2013

Citation: Ohuchida K, Eishi N, Ieiri S, Tomohiko A, Tetsuo I (2013) New Advances in Three-Dimensional Endoscopic Surgery. J Gastroint Dig Syst 3:152. doi: 10.4172/2161-069X.1000152

Copyright: © 2013 Ohuchida K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



The indications for minimally invasive surgery continue to expand worldwide, with endoscopic surgery currently
regarded as standard treatment in many surgical fields. The prototype of a three-dimensional [3D] system for
endoscopic surgery was developed during the early 1990s to overcome the lack of depth perception on a twodimensional
[2D] display. The prototype, however, was not widely used because of the poor quality of the image and
visual side effects. Advances in the technology have now allowed the development of 3D endoscopic systems with
high-definition resolution that are commercially available. We discuss the development, basic studies, present status,
and future of 3D endoscopic systems, including their advantages and disadvantages. Although further improvements
are needed for more advanced surgery, the rapid advances being experienced in 3D endoscopic system will hopefully
overcome the remaining problems quickly and provide the ultimate version of minimally invasive surgery.


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