New Advances in Three-Dimensional Endoscopic SurgeryKenoki Ohuchida1,2, Nagai Eishi2, Satoshi Ieiri3, Akahoshi Tomohiko3, Ikeda Tetsuo3, Masao Tanaka2 and Makoto Hashizume1,3*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Makoto Hashizume
Department of Advanced Medical Initiatives
Faculty of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University
3-1-1 Maidashi, Fukuoka 812-8582, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 14, 2013; Accepted date: November 18, 2013; Published date: November 26, 2013
Citation: Ohuchida K, Eishi N, Ieiri S, Tomohiko A, Tetsuo I (2013) New Advances in Three-Dimensional Endoscopic Surgery. J Gastroint Dig Syst 3:152. doi: 10.4172/2161-069X.1000152
Copyright: © 2013 Ohuchida K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The indications for minimally invasive surgery continue to expand worldwide, with endoscopic surgery currently regarded as standard treatment in many surgical fields. The prototype of a three-dimensional [3D] system for endoscopic surgery was developed during the early 1990s to overcome the lack of depth perception on a twodimensional [2D] display. The prototype, however, was not widely used because of the poor quality of the image and visual side effects. Advances in the technology have now allowed the development of 3D endoscopic systems with high-definition resolution that are commercially available. We discuss the development, basic studies, present status, and future of 3D endoscopic systems, including their advantages and disadvantages. Although further improvements are needed for more advanced surgery, the rapid advances being experienced in 3D endoscopic system will hopefully overcome the remaining problems quickly and provide the ultimate version of minimally invasive surgery.