alexa Number of Circulating Apoptotic Endothelial Cell-Derive

Journal of Molecular Immunology
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Short Communication

Number of Circulating Apoptotic Endothelial Cell-Derived Micro Particles as a Predictor of Metabolically Unhealthy Obesity

 
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Abstract

Obesity is considered a main factor contributing in diabetes mellitus development and a predictor of CV disease and events. Based on the Adult Treatment Panel-III criteria subjects with established obesity and co-existing other metabolic abnormalities including dyslipidaemia, insulin resistance (IR), increased fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance, are referred metabolically unhealthy obesity (Met-UHO), whereas obese individuals without these abnormalities might be defined as metabolically healthy obesity (Met-HO). The mechanisms underlying the change in phenotype from metabolically healthy to metabolically unhealthy obesity are still unclear. It has been postulated that apoptotic endothelial cell-derived micro particles (EMPs) might be a trigger of endothelial cell dysfunction and as well as a mediator on vascular repair. Moreover, the imbalance in circulating number of various types of EMPs may influence the risk of transformation of Met-HO into Met-UHO. The short communication is depicted the role of apoptotic EMPs in obesity phenotype modification.

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