Obesity and Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Egyptian University Students: Magnitude of the Problem | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access
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  • Research Article   
  • Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 2015, Vol 5(1): 181
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000181

Obesity and Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Egyptian University Students: Magnitude of the Problem

Azza Farrag1*, Azza El Eraky2, Wafaa El Aroussy1, Ghada Sayed1, Ahmad Mahrous1, Ahmad Adel1, Abdel Moniem Ibrahim1 and Mohsen Ibrahim1
1Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
2Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
*Corresponding Author : Azza Farrag, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, Tel: +2 010 1900014, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 13, 2014 / Accepted Date: Feb 09, 2015 / Published Date: Feb 12, 2015


Background: Cardiovascular risk factors can lead to excessive morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular events. Metabolic syndrome in young adults is considered a predictor of increased cardiovascular risk in adulthood. Obesity in specific is rising among adolescents and young adults worldwide including populations living in developing countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of obesity and other cardiovascular risk factors in a group of university students representing large sector of young adults in Egypt.
Methods: This is a cross-sectional observational study on 2895 students from 10 public universities in 10 Egyptian governorates that represent different geographic areas in Egypt. Students were recruited for selfadministered questionnaire, anthropometric and blood pressure measurements as well as laboratory analyses for random blood sugar and total cholesterol level.
Results: The majority of students were non-smokers, and the minority performed regular physical exercise.Obesity was encountered in 10.7% of participants, while abdominal obesity was shown in 43.4%. Abdominal obesity was more prevalent in South Upper Egypt female students. 2% of students were shown to be hypertensive and 15% were pre-hypertensive.
Conclusion: Pre-hypertension and Obesity, particularly the abdominal type was prevalent in Egyptian adolescents and young adults.


Keywords: Cardiovascular risk factors; Obesity; Egyptian young adults

Citation: Farrag A, Eraky AE, Aroussy WE, Sayed G, Mahrous A, et al. (2015) Obesity and Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Egyptian University Students: Magnitude of the Problem. Epidemiology (sunnyvale) 5:181. Doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000181

Copyright: ©2014 Farrag A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.