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Occupational Injuries Among Building Construction Workers in Gondar City, Ethiopia | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2329-6879

Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs
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Research Article

Occupational Injuries Among Building Construction Workers in Gondar City, Ethiopia

Mesafint Molla Adane1, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye1, Getahun Kebede Beyera1*, Hardeep Rai Sharma2 and Walelegn Worku Yalew1

1Department of Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health sciences, P.O. Box 196, University of Gondar, Ethiopia

2Institute of Environmental Studies, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, PIN 136119, Haryana, India

*Corresponding Author:
Getahun Kebede Beyera
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health sciences
P.O. Box 196, University of Gondar, Ethiopia
Tel: +251 913379518
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]

Received date: June 25, 2013; Accepted date: August 01, 2013; Published date: August 04, 2013

Citation: Adane MM, Gelaye KA, Beyera GK, Sharma HR, Yalew WW (2013) Occupational Injuries Among Building Construction Workers in Gondar City, Ethiopia. Occup Med Health Aff 1:125. doi: 10.4172/2329-6879.1000125

Copyright: © 2013 Adane MM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Introduction: Construction industry has been identified as one of the most hazardous industries both in industrialized and industrializing countries. Work-related injuries in construction sector present a major public health problem resulting in serious social and economic consequences that could be prevented if appropriate measures are taken. Method: Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1 – 20, 2009 at six licensed construction sites in Gondar city. A total of 401 building construction workers were included in the study by using simple random sampling technique. Data were collected through interviews using structured and pre-tested questionnaire and the collected data were entered and analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 13.0. Results: The prevalence rate of work-related injuries in the preceding one year was 38.7%. Of the total injuries, more than half (68.39%) were reported by males while the rest reported by females workers. The leading causes of injuries were fall from ground level (21.3%) followed by overexertion during lifting (20.6%), and fall from elevation (16.1%). Old age, being male, job dissatisfaction, lack of vocational training and working overtime were found to elevate the odds of having occupational injuries among construction workers. Conclusion: The study revealed that occupational injuries were common among building construction workers. Therefore, counter measures such as creating awareness of risk factors, avoiding overtime work, providing training and personal protective devices could be effective to decrease prevalence of occupational injuries. Impact on industry: The research will be helpful to know the extent of problem and to suggest some interventions.