Oral Lichen Planus: A Review of Etiopathogenesis, Clinical, Histological and Treatment Aspects
- Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Ravi Teja Chitturi
Department of Oral Pathology
SIBAR Institute of Dental Sciences
Takkellapadu, Guntur – 522 509, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: July 4, 2014; Accepted date:August 4, 2014; Published date: August 11, 2014
Citation:Chitturi RT, Devy AS, Nirmal RM, Sunil PM (2014) Oral Lichen Planus: A Review of Etiopathogenesis, Clinical, Histological and Treatment Aspects. J Interdiscipl Med Dent Sci 2:142. doi:10.4172/2376-032X.1000142
Copyright: © 2014 Chitturi, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
It is a well known fact that oral lichen planus (OLP) is a non infectious disease affecting the oral mucous membrane. It is considered to be an autoimmune disorder mediated mainly by the T-lymphocytes. It affects 1-2% of the general population with maximum prevelance seen among women above the age of 40. WHO considers it to be a potentially malignant disorder and the rate of malignant transformation has been put between 0.5-2%. This article mainly reviews the various pathogenetic mechanisms by which this unique disorder occurs along with the clinical, histopathological and treatment aspects.