Periodontal Disease and Preterm Birth, is There any Relationship?Nadia I Kawar1*, Elham Partovi2, Charles Hildebolt3, Dwight McLeod4 and Douglas D Miley5
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nadia Kawar
801 S Paulina St
Chicago IL 60612, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 02, 2016; Accepted Date: July 05, 2016; Published Date: July 13, 2016
Citation: Kawar NI, Partovi E, Hildebolt C, McLeod D, Miley DD (2016) Periodontal Disease and Preterm Birth, is There any Relationship? J Interdiscipl Med Dent Sci 4:202. doi:10.4172/2376-032X.1000202
Copyright: © 2016 Kawar NI, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Aim: Prematurity and low birth weight are major causes of neonatal morbidity, mortality and long-term disability. The purpose of this study was to determine if an association exists between periodontal disease and preterm birth (PT).
Material and methods: 59 females from the delivery ward at St. Mary’s Health Center, St. Louis, MO. Group I had 29 women who had Preterm birth (PT). Group II had 30 women whose babies were born full term (T). Full-mouth periodontal examination performed. Data collected about risk factors: race, maternal age, pregnancy complications; infections/inflammation; number of previous pregnancies and chemical abuse. Mothers were considered to have moderate to severe periodontal disease if ≥ 10% of sites measured ≥ 5 mm probing depth. Nominal logistic regression analysis used to calculate the odds of having a preterm birth infant having moderate to severe periodontal disease while adjusting for other risk factors.
Results: After adjustment for smoking, preeclampsia, and infections/inflammation other than periodontitis, a statistically significant association was found between PT and moderate to severe periodontitis (odds ratio = 5.8, 95% CI = 1.2-37.5, p = 0.04).
Conclusion: Moderate to severe periodontal disease may be an independent risk factor for preterm birth.