Personal Music Devices: An Assessment of User Profile and Potential HazardsVirangna Taneja1,2,*, Shelly Khanna Chadha2, Achal Gulati2 and Ankush Sayal2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Virangna Taneja
University Hospital Coventry and Warwickshire NHS Trust
Masonway, Birmingham B152EE, United Kingdom
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date:: March 22, 2015; Accepted date:: March 24, 2015; Published date:: March 30, 2015
Citation: Taneja V, Chadha SK, Gulati A, Sayal A (2015) Personal Music Devices: An Assessment of User Profile and Potential Hazards. Otolaryngol (Sunnyvale) 5:214. doi:10.4172/2161-119X.1000214
Copyright: © 2015 Taneja V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objectives: To profile the use of personal music devices (PMDs) in the study cohort, evaluate their output levels, and assess the users with regard to listening habits, symptomatology and hearing thresholds. Study design: A randomised prospective study including 500 individuals aged between 16 and 30 years.
Methods: A questionnaire-based assessment included their demographic profile, PMD usage history and symptomatology and then they were classified into high (286) and low risk (214) groups.
Results: The average weekly usage of PMDs was 5.39 days/week, mean volume was 4.88, which increased to 5.9 in noisy areas, and average output used was 66.04 dB. Evaluation by pure tone audiometry (PTA) showed average hearing loss of 21.35 dB in the high risk group.
Conclusions: In total, 57.2% of the individuals included in this study demonstrated high risk behaviour for use of PMDs. Those with risky listening behaviour showed audiometric evidence of early noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL).