Phytochemical Screening and Analysis of Selected Medicinal Plants in Gujrat
Received Date: Mar 12, 2018 / Accepted Date: Mar 24, 2018 / Published Date: Mar 30, 2018
The medicinal properties shown by different medicinal plants are due to the phytochemicals present in the plant. These phytochemicals are the most vital sources for the treatment of destructive diseases. Different phytochemicals have an extensive range of activities, which helps to enhance the immune system and give resistance against long term disease to protect the body from harmful pathogens. To examine and investigate the phytochemicals present in the selected medicinal plants commonly used in Gujrat was the main purpose of this study. The medicinal importance of these plants depends upon the chemically vital and active substances that produce specific physiological action on the human body. Flavoniods, tannin, phenolic compounds and alkaloids are the most important bioactive components of plants. The names of plants are Calotropis procera (Ait.) R.Br. (Asclepiadaceae),) Lantana camara (Linn.) Var. (Verbenaceae) and Mangifera indica Linn. (Anacardiaceae). Standard procedures were used to test the presence of various phytochemicals. Tannins, saponins, flavonoids and phenol all were found in medicinal plants. Methanolic extracts of powder of leaves were used for the qualitative measurement of various phytochemicals present in these plants. Identification of phytochemicals in medicinal plants is among the first steps in the process of discovering new plant-based drugs. The present study concluded that these medicinal plants have possessed different vital phytochemicals that helps in the medicinal properties of the studied plants commonly used in Gujrat.
Keywords: Medicinal plant; Phytochemical properties; Phytochemical constituents; Bioactive compound
Citation: Khalid S, Shahzad A, Basharat N, Abubakar M, Anwar P (2018) Phytochemical Screening and Analysis of Selected Medicinal Plants in Gujrat. J Phytochemistry Biochem 2: 108.
Copyright: © 2018 Khalid S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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