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Prevalence of Haemoparasites in Livestock in Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia State | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2332-2608

Journal of Fisheries & Livestock Production
Open Access

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Research Article

Prevalence of Haemoparasites in Livestock in Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia State

Nwoha RIO1*, Onyeabor A2, Igwe KC3, Daniel G4, Onuekwusi GCO5 and Okah U6

1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria

2Department of Veterinary Psarasitology and Entomology, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria

3Department of Agricultural Economics, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria

4Department of Veterinary Pathology, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria

5Department of Agricultural Extension, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria

6Department of Animal science, Micheal Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Nwoha RIO
Department of Veterinary Medicine
Micheal Okpara University of
Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria
Tel: 08030987115
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: July 26, 2013; Accepted Date: August 28, 2013; Published Date: September 1, 2013

Citation: Nwoha RIO, Onyeabor A, Igwe KC, Daniel G, Onuekwusi GCO, et al. (2013) Prevalence of Haemoparasites in Livestock in Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia State. J Fisheries Livest Prod 2:109. doi:10.4172/2332-2608.1000109

Copyright: © 2013 Nwoha RIO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

The paucity of information on the prevalence of haemoparasites in livestock in Ikwuano L.G.A. of Abia state, the seat of the University of Agriculture Umudike necessitated the study. Out of 639 samples analyzed 141 were males and 498 females and out of these 243(38.0%) were positive for haemoparasites. The prevalence was higher in females 199(40.0%) compared to males 44(31.2%). Goats/sheep had the highest prevalence in Babesia 214 (88.1%); Anaplasma 76 (31.3%) and Trypanosomes 18 (7.4%). Prevalence in cattle was Babesia 209 (86.0%); Anaplasma 75 (31.0%) and Trypanosomes 0 (0.0%). Zero prevalence was recorded in pigs. The highest prevalence was recorded in the month of November 108(64.0%) and December 42 (65.0%) and. Others were March 55 (44.0%); April 20 (35.1%), May 5 (14.3%), June 7 (14.3%), July 3 (5.0%) and August 3 (4.0%). There were significant decreases (P>0.05) in pack cell volume and hemoglobin concentration of all the infected animals compared to the control.

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