Prevalence of Haemoparasites in Livestock in Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia State
- *Corresponding Author:
- Nwoha RIO
Department of Veterinary Medicine
Micheal Okpara University of
Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: July 26, 2013; Accepted Date: August 28, 2013; Published Date: September 1, 2013
Citation: Nwoha RIO, Onyeabor A, Igwe KC, Daniel G, Onuekwusi GCO, et al. (2013) Prevalence of Haemoparasites in Livestock in Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia State. J Fisheries Livest Prod 2:109. doi:10.4172/2332-2608.1000109
Copyright: © 2013 Nwoha RIO, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The paucity of information on the prevalence of haemoparasites in livestock in Ikwuano L.G.A. of Abia state, the seat of the University of Agriculture Umudike necessitated the study. Out of 639 samples analyzed 141 were males and 498 females and out of these 243(38.0%) were positive for haemoparasites. The prevalence was higher in females 199(40.0%) compared to males 44(31.2%). Goats/sheep had the highest prevalence in Babesia 214 (88.1%); Anaplasma 76 (31.3%) and Trypanosomes 18 (7.4%). Prevalence in cattle was Babesia 209 (86.0%); Anaplasma 75 (31.0%) and Trypanosomes 0 (0.0%). Zero prevalence was recorded in pigs. The highest prevalence was recorded in the month of November 108(64.0%) and December 42 (65.0%) and. Others were March 55 (44.0%); April 20 (35.1%), May 5 (14.3%), June 7 (14.3%), July 3 (5.0%) and August 3 (4.0%). There were significant decreases (P>0.05) in pack cell volume and hemoglobin concentration of all the infected animals compared to the control.