Prevalence of Obesity in the UK According to Sex, Age and Ethnicity: A Literature ReviewComegna S*
Nutrition and Public Health Division, Department of Life Sciences Human Food, University of Westminster, Faculty of Science and Technology, UK
- *Corresponding Author:
- Comegna S
Nutrition and Public Health Division
Department of Life Sciences Human Food
University of Westminster
Faculty of Science and Technology, UK
Tel: +44 (0)2079115000, Mob: +356 99629756
E-mail: [email protected], [email protected]
Received Date: March 10, 2017; Accepted Date: March 17, 2017; Published Date: March 31, 2017
Citation: Comegna S (2017) Prevalence of Obesity in the UK According to Sex, Age and Ethnicity: A Literature Review. Sports Nutr Ther 2: 121. doi: 10.4172/2473-6449.1000121
Copyright: © 2017 Comegna S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abstract Objective: Obesity is one of the major public health challenge, particularly among low-income and minority groups. The aim of this review is to identify prevalence of obesity among black minority groups (BME) living in middle-upper and high-income countries with a special focus on the UK population. Methods: A literature searching was performed using MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) using the following key words: obesity, fat mass, BMI, ethnicity and minority group. Results: African and Caribbean (AC) women have the highest prevalence of obesity (38% and 32%, respectively) hypertension, type II diabetes and stroke compared to all other ethnic groups in the UK. Conclusion: The cause of obesity prevalence is not fully understood yet. Changes in the food environment, including the propagation of foods high in energy and fat content and low in nutrients, have been mirrored by the obesity epidemic among BME living in the UK. Further researches are needed to explore in depth the relationship between dietary habits and ethnic differences.