Prevalence of Risk of Fall in Community Dwelling Pakistani Male Population over the Age of 65 yearsMariam Mehmood*, Muntaha Mushtaq, Nimra Ansa and Arooj Jilani
Orthopedic and Manual Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Mariam Mehmood
MS Orthopedic and Manual Physical Therapy
Doctor of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences
The University of Faisalabad, Faisalabad
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: August 29, 2016; Accepted date: October 15, 2016; Published date: October 25, 2016
Citation: Mehmood M, Mushtaq M, Ansa N, Jilani A (2016) Prevalence of Risk of Fall in Community Dwelling Pakistani Male Population over the Age of 65 years. J Nov Physiother 6: 309. doi: 10.4172/2165-7025.1000309
Copyright: © 2016 Mehmood M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Introduction: Falls are very common in elderly population aged above than 65 years due to the physiological changes in the body, which can reduce the health related quality of life and may lead to morbidity and mortality. Aim and objectives of study: 1) To prove that increasing age solely can be a risk factor for individuals in the absence of any major ailment. 2) To measure the overall prevalence of risk of fall in general population to know how big the problem is 3) To categorize the fallers in 3 groups low, medium and high riskier group thus to give specific high risk prevalence rate along with identification of those who specifically have high risk so that they can intervene accordingly in future. Procedure: 77 subjects meeting inclusion criteria were taken. Timed up and go test was used at first to identify subjects who were in general having risk. Then to find out association between incrementing age and increased prevalence of risk of fall, these subjects were then grouped in to three; young old (<70 years), old or middle old group (70-79 years) and very old group (>80 years). Elderly fall screening test (EFST) questionnaire was then implemented for risk categorization. Part A of the questionnaire was used which comprised a total of 5 closed ended questions giving a score for each component. Subjects were categorized on the basis of scoring; those between 0-1 as low risk, between 2-3 as medium risk and 4-5 as high risk. Results: Overall, there is a prevalence rate of 44.16% of fall in community dwelling older adults over the age of 65 as measured by TUG. While the high risk prevalence rate which was determined by EFST was 12.04% (27.27/100 × 44.16). Conclusion: Aging solely can be a major risk factor for fall in community dwelling healthy and independent older adults having no major illness. It was confirmed that with incrementing age, most subjects of the very old group tend to lie in high risk category (12/22 subjects). Contrary to that, only few subjects of the young old group lied in the high risk category. They tend to lie mostly (17/25 subjects) in the low risk category.