Respiratory Cancer and Non-Malignant Respiratory Disease-Related Mortality among Older Construction Workers-Findings from the Health and Retirement Study
Xuanwen Wang, Xiuwen Sue Dong*, Laura Welch and Julie Largay
MPH, CPWR-The Center for Construction Research and Training, United States
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dong XS
MPH, CPWR - The Center for Construction Research and Training
8484 Georgia Avenue, Suite 1000, Silver Spring
MD, 20910 United States
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: April 28, 2016; Accepted date: May 26, 2016; Published date: May 30, 2016
Citation: Wang X, Dong XS, Welch L, Largay J (2016) Respiratory Cancer and Non-Malignant Respiratory Disease-Related Mortality among Older Construction Workers-Findings from the Health and Retirement Study. Occup Med Health Aff 4: 235. doi: 10.4172/2329-6879.1000235
Copyright: © 2016 Wang X, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Objective: This study explored the risk of respiratory cancer and non-malignant respiratory disease (NMRD)-related mortality among older construction workers.
Methods: Analyzed data from the 1992-2010 RAND Health and Retirement Study (HRS) and the HRS National Death Index – Cause of Death file. About 25,183 workers aged 50 years and older were examined, including 5,447 decedents and 19,736 survivors, of which 1,460 reported their longest job was in construction. Multinomial logistic regression assessed the differences in mortality between workers’ longest occupations, controlling for confounders.
Results: After adjusting for smoking and demographics, construction workers were almost twice as likely to die from respiratory cancer (OR = 1.65; CI: 1.10-2.47) or NMRD (OR = 1.73; CI: 1.16-2.58) compared to white-collar workers.
Conclusions: This study adds to the growing evidence that respiratory cancer and NMRD are frequently associated with construction exposure.