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  • Review Article   
  • Arch Parasitol 2017, Vol 1(2): 112

Review of Parasites and Pathologies of the Main Bivalve Species of Commercial Interest of Argentina and Uruguay, Southwestern Atlantic Coast

Nuria Vázquez* and Florencia Cremonte
Laboratorio de Parasitología (LAPA), Instituto de Biología de Organismos Marinos (CCT CONICET-CENPAT), Bvd. Brown 2915, Puerto Madryn, Provincia del Chubut, , Argentina
*Corresponding Author : Nuria Vázquez, Laboratorio de Parasitología, Instituto de Biología de Organismos Marinos (CCT CONICET-CENPAT), Bvd. Brown 2915, Puerto Madryn, Provincia del Chubut, Argentina, Tel: 54280 4883182, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jul 11, 2017 / Accepted Date: Aug 29, 2017 / Published Date: Aug 31, 2017

Abstract

A systematic review of the parasites and pathologies of the main important commercially bivalve species from Argentina and Uruguay has been done. Bacteria, algae, Perkinsozoa, Haplosporidia, Ciliophora, Apicomplexa, Turbellaria, Trematoda, Cestoda and Nemertea have been found infecting natural populations of bivalve species. Disseminated neoplasia has been recorded in mussels from culture causing gonadal castration and digestive gland atrophy. In particular, mortalities from cultured oysters have been associated predominately to Bonamia exitiosa. In some cases, parasites have been shown to reduce the condition index of the host. This review provides information on the individual and population effects of these conditions as well as providing suggestions for future research.

Keywords: Protozoans; Metazoans; Mollusc diseases; Shellfish; Southweast atlantic ocean

Citation: Vázquez N, Cremonte F (2017) Review of Parasites and Pathologies of the Main Bivalve Species of Commercial Interest of Argentina and Uruguay, Southwestern Atlantic Coast. Arch Parasitol 1:112.

Copyright: © 2017 Vázquez N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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