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ISSN: 2168-9806

Journal of Powder Metallurgy & Mining
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  • Review Article   
  • J Powder Metall Min 2017, Vol 6(3): 185
  • DOI: 10.4172/2168-9806.1000185

Review on a Nanomaterials Mechanisms-Induced Oxidative Stress and Toxicity

Geetha N1,2, Prabhavathi G1,2, Ayeshamariam A1,2*, Beevi AH3, Punithavelan N4, Uthiram C4 and Jayachandran M5
1Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore-641 046, India
2Department of Physics, Kunthavai Nachiyar Government Arts College for Women, , Thanjavur, 613 007, India
3Research and Development Center, Weifang Conqueren Bioscience and Technology Co. Ltd., , Weifang City, 261000, China
4School of Advanced Sciences in Physics, Vellore Institute of Technology, , Chennai Campus, Chennai, 600 127, India
5Department of Physics, Sethu Institute of Technology, , Pullor, Kariyapatti, 626 106, India
*Corresponding Author : Ayeshamariam A, Research and Development Centre, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore-641 046, India, Tel: 9486738806, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 25, 2017 / Accepted Date: Nov 05, 2017 / Published Date: Nov 17, 2017

Abstract

The review reveals the recent trends of nano-materials in biomedical applications and an overview to discuss the commercialization of nano-materials. Due to innovative ideas in nano-materials created a lot of new discoveries in the medical, consumer sectors and industrial applications. The properties of nano-materials lead to a quite interest in a various applications in biomedical field such as structural and physicochemical properties. In a biological activity; toxicities of a nanoparticle are frequently reported. In the presence of acellular factors such as size, composition, particle surface and presence of metals in a nano-materials induces oxidative stress and it creates a pathway for patho physiological effects includes fibrosis, genotoxicity and injuries in a skin. Zinc oxide acts as an antioxidant for reducing oxidative stress and it acts as a protective agent for an immune system in a biomedical fields. This review summarizes biomedical applications of a nano-materials and the role of an oxidative stress.

Keywords: Antibacterial; Antifungal; Biomedical; Oxidative stress; Biomaterials

Citation: Geetha N, Prabhavathi G, Ayeshamariam A, Beevi AH, Punithavelan N, et al. (2017) Review on a Nanomaterials Mechanisms-Induced Oxidative Stress and Toxicity. J Powder Metall Min 6: 185. Doi: 10.4172/2168-9806.1000185

Copyright: © 2017 Geetha N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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