Seed Priming with Phytohormones to Improve Germination Under Dormant and Abiotic Stress Conditions
Received Date: Sep 29, 2018 / Accepted Date: Nov 23, 2018 / Published Date: Nov 30, 2018
A crop seed which is viable can germinate soon it gets necessary conditions for germination, except when it’s in a state of dormancy. Apart from the physiological dormancy, the critical limiting factors for seed germination and better seedling establishment are the abiotic stress. Moisture (water potential) stress is the leading one. Germination and seedling establishment are vital stages in subjected to abiotic stress. Among many of the techniques implemented to minimize germination and related problems are the different priming techniques. A seed can be primed with water, organic extracts, different salt solutions and hormones. Phytohormones act and interact to affect many processes in the plant life cycle among these are the germination process. These hormones can be synthesized artificially. They are used as a treatment for seed priming and other process. GA, auxins and cytokinin are the major ones used in hormonal seed priming techniques used to increase germination of seeds under dormant and abiotic stress conditions.
Keywords: Phytohormones; Stress; Dormancy; Germination
Citation: Muhie SH (2018) Seed Priming with Phytohormones to Improve Germination Under Dormant and Abiotic Stress Conditions. Adv Crop Sci Tech 6: 403. Doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000403
Copyright: © 2018 Muhie SH. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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