alexa Socioeconomic Status and Internalizing Symptoms in Chil
ISSN: 2375-4494

Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
Open Access

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Research Article

Socioeconomic Status and Internalizing Symptoms in Chilean Children: Does Reserve Capacity Matter

Suzanna M Martinez1*, Marcela Castillo2, Betsy Lozoff3 and Sheila Gahagan1

1University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Dr. 0927, La Jolla, CA 92093-0927, USA

2University of Chile; 5524 Macul, Santiago de Chile, Santiago, Chile

3University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, 1700 SPH I, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Martinez SM, PhD
University of California at San Francisco
3333 California Street, Suite 245
San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
Tel: 415-476-8273
Fax:
415-476-6106
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received Date: October 02, 2015 Accepted Date: October 14, 2015 Published Date: October 21, 2015

Citation: Martinez SM, Castillo M, Lozoff B, Gahagan S (2015) Socioeconomic Status and Internalizing Symptoms in Chilean Children: Does Reserve Capacity Matter?. J Child Adolesc Behav 3:254. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000254

Copyright: © 2015 Martinez SM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Informed by the reserve capacity model, we examined pathways between socioeconomic status (SES) and internalizing symptoms (IS) in 1119 Chilean 10-year-olds. Mediators included parental disciplinary style and reserve capacity resources (RCR), namely home environment, parent-child engagement, and self-esteem, and conduct problems. Using structural equation modeling, the model was stratified by gender. For boys, the SES-IS relationship was mediated by the home environment and parental disciplinary style. For girls, the SES-IS relationship was mediated by the home environment, parent-child engagement, self-esteem, and conduct problems. Findings suggest different RCR may protect against IS in a sample of Chilean children.

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