Socioeconomic Status and Internalizing Symptoms in Chilean Children: Does Reserve Capacity MatterSuzanna M Martinez1*, Marcela Castillo2, Betsy Lozoff3 and Sheila Gahagan1
- *Corresponding Author:
- Martinez SM, PhD
University of California at San Francisco
3333 California Street, Suite 245
San Francisco, CA 94118, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: October 02, 2015 Accepted Date: October 14, 2015 Published Date: October 21, 2015
Citation: Martinez SM, Castillo M, Lozoff B, Gahagan S (2015) Socioeconomic Status and Internalizing Symptoms in Chilean Children: Does Reserve Capacity Matter?. J Child Adolesc Behav 3:254. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000254
Copyright: © 2015 Martinez SM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Informed by the reserve capacity model, we examined pathways between socioeconomic status (SES) and internalizing symptoms (IS) in 1119 Chilean 10-year-olds. Mediators included parental disciplinary style and reserve capacity resources (RCR), namely home environment, parent-child engagement, and self-esteem, and conduct problems. Using structural equation modeling, the model was stratified by gender. For boys, the SES-IS relationship was mediated by the home environment and parental disciplinary style. For girls, the SES-IS relationship was mediated by the home environment, parent-child engagement, self-esteem, and conduct problems. Findings suggest different RCR may protect against IS in a sample of Chilean children.