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Soil Net Nitrogen Mineralization at Different Ecosystem Development Stages after the Year 2000 Eruption on Miyakejima Island | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7625

Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography
Open Access

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  • Research Article   
  • J Ecosyst Ecogr 2018, Vol 8(1): 250
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7625.1000250

Soil Net Nitrogen Mineralization at Different Ecosystem Development Stages after the Year 2000 Eruption on Miyakejima Island

Jian Cui1, Mitsuru Hirota1*, Takashi Kamijo1, Shinpei Yoshitake2 and Kazuhiro Katoh3
1Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
2Takayama Field Station, River Basin Research Center, Gifu University, Gifu, Japan
3Faculty of Liberal Arts, The Open University of Japan, Chiba Prefecture, Japan
*Corresponding Author : Mitsuru Hirota, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan, Tel: +81-29-853-6681, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Feb 02, 2018 / Accepted Date: Feb 19, 2018 / Published Date: Feb 27, 2018

Abstract

Soil nitrogen (N) mineralization is a central process in the N cycle in terrestrial ecosystems. Previously many studies were conducted on soil N mineralization in terrestrial ecosystems, but those studies remain unclear due to large spatial and temporal variations. In present study soil N mineralization rates were measured in situ by using a resin core technique. The study reports the relationship of these rates with environmental factors at ten sites with various vegetation and soil properties which formed after the latest eruption in year 2000 on a volcanic island, Miyakejima. Miyakejima has diverse ecosystems, from grasslands with little soil organic matter to mature forests. With little damage from the year 2000 eruption, it is suitable for exploration of spatial and temporal variations in soil N mineralization. Annual soil N mineralization rates ranged from 0.9 to 52.5 kg N ha-1 yr-1 and were higher in the presence of the N-fixing vegetation Alnus sieboldiana. Present study data along with other data obtained from insitu observation suggested that soil C/N ratio can be a good indicator of annual soil N mineralization rate, like many previous studies pointed out; however, the relationship between the rate and soil C/N ratio was complicated due to some factors, such as existence of N-fixing vegetation and high sulfur dioxide gas exposure.

Keywords: Nitrogen mineralization; Spatial variation; Vegetation types, Nitrogen fixing plants; C/N ratio; Volcanic island; Miyakejima

Citation: Cui J, Hirota M, Kamijo T, Yoshitake S, Katoh K (2018) Soil Net Nitrogen Mineralization at Different Ecosystem Development Stages after the Year 2000 Eruption on Miyakejima Island. J Ecosys Ecograph 8: 250. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7625.1000250

Copyright: © 2018 Cui J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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