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Research Article

Status of Knowledge on the Risk Factors of Low Birth Weight among the Women of Reproductive Age in Rural Bangladesh

ABM Alauddin Chowdhury1*, Keka Rani Halder1, Imdadul Haque12, Faisal Muhammad1, Mahamudul Hasan3 and Moniruddin Chowdhury4

1Department of Public Health, Daffodil International University, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2Health, Nutrition and Population Program, BRAC, Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh

3Institute of Leather Engineering and Technology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh

4Department of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR), Sungai Long Campus, Kajang, Selangor D.E, Malaysia

*Corresponding Author:
ABM Alauddin Chowdhury
Faculty of Allied Health Sciences
Department of Public Health, Daffodil International University
Dhanmondi ,Dhaka
Bangladesh
Tel: +8801921200890
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 06, 2016; Accepted date: February 10, 2017; Published date: February 17, 2017

Citation: Chowdhury ABMA, Halder KR, Haque I, Muhammad F, Hasan M, et al. (2017) Status of Knowledge on the Risk Factors of Low Birth Weight among the Women of Reproductive Age in Rural Bangladesh. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 7: 292. doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000292

Copyright: © 2017 Chowdhury ABMA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the major public health problems in developing countries, like Bangladesh. Maternal knowledge is directly involved with the status of birth of her baby. Very little is known about the knowledge on the risk factors of LBW babies in rural life context of Bangladesh. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among the selected reproductive age women of the village Vagna and Shubadda in Kearanigonj sub-district under Dhaka District with a view to assess the level of knowledge about risk factors of low birth weight. A total of 300 reproductive aged women were interviewed purposively using semi-structured questionnaire. Results: The study reported around two-third (64.0%) of the respondents had mentioned that they had perceived knowledge about the low birth weight. Among all the maternal risk factors, anemia was identified by two-fifth of participants (40.0%) followed by malnutrition (18.6%). The study documented only a little less than one fifth of the respondents had knowledge that lack of antenatal care in pregnancy can cause of LBW newborn. Bivariate analysis found statistically significant association between knowledge on low birth weight and respondent’s age (P=0.001), education (p=0.001), occupation (p<0.001) and their guardian’s education (P=0.001) and occupation (P<0.05). However, education is the most important determinant to have the knowledge about the risk factors and prevention measure of LBW. Conclusion: The study findings observed that women lack the knowledge on risk factors of low birth weight in terms of mothers’ risk factors, complication and prevention of low birth weight. The study focused more attention to some affecting factors of the low birth weight with the mother’s education, occupation, health status and antenatal care service. The LBW scenario may be reduced in expected rate if health policy makers consider the urgent intervention raising the awareness about the risk factors of LBW, and also providing much reproductive education to the problem of low birth weight.

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