Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar


Synthesis of Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate Reduces Maintenance Demand In Bacteria Growing Slowly on Methyl <em>Tert</em>-Butyl Ether | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
Open Access

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Special Issue Article

Synthesis of Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate Reduces Maintenance Demand In Bacteria Growing Slowly on Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether

Thore Rohwerder*, Hauke Harms and Roland H. Müller
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ, Department of Environmental Microbiology, Permoserstr. 15, 04318 Leipzig, Germany
Corresponding Author : Thore Rohwerder
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ
Department of Environmental Microbiology, Permoserstr. 15
04318 Leipzig, Germany,
Tel: +493412351317
Fax: +493412351351
Received: November 10, 2011; Accepted: December 14, 2011; Published: December 16, 2011
Citation:Rohwerder T, Harms H, Müller RH (2011) Synthesis of Poly-3- Hydroxybutyrate Reduces Maintenance Demand In Bacteria Growing Slowly on Methyl Tert-Butyl Ether. J Bioremed Biodegrad S1:003. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.S1-003
Copyright: © 2011 Rohwerder T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at
DownloadPubmed DownloadScholar Google


Availability of usable energy for biosynthesis and maintenance is a primary condition of life. In the case of microbial degradation of so-called recalcitrant compounds, growth is often prevented due to low energy production rates not exceeding maintenance requirements. However, any process that reduces biomass maintenance under these threshold conditions will increase the chance that productive degradation can occur. We have developed a growth model to explain the surprising observation that the growth of Aquincola tertiaricarbonis L108 and other bacterial strains on the groundwater pollutant methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) and its degradation product tert-butyl alcohol is accompanied by the accumulation of poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB). The growth-coupled production of this storage polymer is remarkable since slow growth of all MTBE degraders indicates the difficulty to utilize this substrate. The modified model distinguished an active biomass fraction for which maintenance energy is required and a passive PHB fraction without maintenance requirements. Consequently, the presence of a PHB fraction saved specific maintenance costs and due to PHB accumulation, calculated overall growth yields were increased. More important, the structured model predicted an increased specific growth rate and a decreased minimum substrate concentration for growth Smin. Using experimentally determined parameters, it could be demonstrated that at low maximal growth rates PHB synthesis allowed for growth, whereas in its absence Smin became infinite. Additional reduction of maintenance in dependence on the rate of PHB formation was considered as the stoichiometry of PHB synthesis from MTBE resulted in a gain of energy equivalents. Our model thus showed that coupling of growth on slowly metabolized substrates with PHB synthesis is energetically advantageous. Hence, we propose a not yet considered role of PHB in delivering energy to compensate high maintenance costs while growing on recalcitrant xenobiotics.


Google Scholar citation report
Citations : 7718

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation received 7718 citations as per Google Scholar report

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation peer review process verified at publons
Indexed In
  • CAS Source Index (CASSI)
  • Index Copernicus
  • Google Scholar
  • Sherpa Romeo
  • Open J Gate
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Academic Keys
  • JournalTOCs
  • ResearchBible
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory
  • Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA)
  • RefSeek
  • Hamdard University
  • OCLC- WorldCat
  • SWB online catalog
  • Publons
  • Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research
  • MIAR
Share This Page