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The Importance of Parental Warmth, Support, and Control in Preventing Adolescent Misbehavior | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4494

Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
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Research Article

The Importance of Parental Warmth, Support, and Control in Preventing Adolescent Misbehavior

Joanne Klevens* and Jeffrey Hall

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 4770 Buford Hwy, Mailstop F-63, Atlanta, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Joanne Klevens
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
4770 Buford Hwy, Mailstop F-63, Atlanta, USA
Tel: 770-488-1386
Fax: 770-488-1011
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: September 25, 2013; Accepted Date: December 27, 2013; Published Date: January 08, 2014

Citation: Klevens J, Hall J (2014) The Importance of Parental Warmth, Support, and Control in Preventing Adolescent Misbehavior. J Child Adolesc Behav 2:121. doi: 10.4172/2375-4494.1000121

Copyright: © 2014 Klevens J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Parents are often told that better monitoring can prevent adolescents’ misbehavior. However, recent research
suggests that adolescents’ voluntary self-disclosure of behaviors is more important than parents’ active attempts to
supervise (i.e., track and control) their children in determining adolescent misbehavior. This secondary analysis of a
survey administered to students in grades 7, 9, and 11/12 in a diverse community in the northeastern region of the
U.S. examines the contribution of various dimensions of parenting (i.e., parental warmth, support, and control) and
child disclosure to parental knowledge of their child’s activities and whereabouts and child involvement in problem
behaviors. The findings, similar for both younger (under 16 years) and older adolescents, suggest that 1) youths’
reports of parents’ knowledge of their activities and whereabouts (parental knowledge) is significantly associated
with truancy, alcohol use, drug use, and delinquency; 2) parental knowledge was determined predominantly by
the youth’s willingness to disclose; 3) youth’s willingness to disclose was predicted by perceived parental warmth
and parental support; 4) in addition to indirect effects on risky behaviors (through parental knowledge), a youth’s
willingness to disclose also had direct effects on grades; and 5) parental support also had direct effects on four of
the six risky behaviors independent of youth disclosure while parental warmth had direct effects on grades and
delinquency. These findings, together with those of others, suggest that parents may still play a role, albeit indirectly
through parental warmth and support, in reducing adolescent misbehaviors.