alexa The Kaleidoscope of the Operative Solutions for Hearing
ISSN: 2161-119X

Otolaryngology: Open Access
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Review Article

The Kaleidoscope of the Operative Solutions for Hearing Restoration in Charge Syndrome: A Critical Review

Daniele Marchioni1, Marco Carner1*, Davide Soloperto1, Andrea Sacchetto1, Elisabetta Genovese2 and Livio Presutti2

1Department of ENT, University Hospital of Verona, Italy

2Department of ENT, University Hospital of Modena, Italy

Corresponding Author:
Marco Carner, MD
Professor, Department of ENT
University Hospital of Verona, Italy
Tel: +39 0458122330
Fax: +39 0458122313 - 0458121153
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 09, 2017; Accepted date: June 19, 2017; Published date: June 26, 2017

Citation: Marchioni D, Carner M, Soloperto D, Sacchetto A, Genovese E, et al. (2017) The Kaleidoscope of the Operative Solutions for Hearing Restoration in Charge Syndrome: A Critical Review. Otolaryngol (Sunnyvale) 7:309. doi:10.4172/2161-119X.1000309

Copyright: © 2017 Marchioni D, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Exclusively full texts, cited in PUBMED and MEDLINE search engines, that contain all the selected keywords “Charge syndrome”, “cochlear implant”, “cochlear implantation”, “bionic ear” and “ear malformation” have been selected to review the literature on surgical bionic hearing restoration in CHARGE syndrome. A total of 20 publications that specifically deal with the topic have been published between January 1999 and February 2017. At least ten main different otologic and oto-neurosurgical approaches have been suggested in bionic fitting. The otologic approaches were aided by a microscope or an endoscope or by a combined technique, with or without mastoidectomy. The review is conclude by proposing a strategy for the surgical bionic treatment of hearing in children with CHARGE syndrome.

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