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The Prevalence of Depression in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type II in the Shahid Rahimi Hospital of Khorramabad, Iran | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access
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  • Research Article   
  • Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 2016, Vol 6(3): 249
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000249

The Prevalence of Depression in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type II in the Shahid Rahimi Hospital of Khorramabad, Iran

Norouzi Z1*, Kaviani M1, Tarrahi M2, Jariani M3, Abdollahian M1, Almasian M1 and Sheikhi N1
1Clinical Research Center, Shohada-ye Ashayer University Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, , Iran
2Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, , Iran
3University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
*Corresponding Author : Norouzi Z, Clinical Research Center, Shohada-ye Ashayer University Hospital, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran, Tel: 0980359588614, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: May 13, 2016 / Accepted Date: Jun 03, 2016 / Published Date: Jun 10, 2016

Abstract

Background: Diabetes is a chronic illness requiring continuous medical care. Depression is comorbid with diabetes and is associated with poorer glycemic control, and increased complications.

Objectives: The main aim was to assess the prevalence of depression among patients with diabetes mellitus type II to find a correlation between age, gender, HbA1C level, duration of time since the diagnosis of diabetes, number of admissions, methods of controlling diabetes, place of residence, smoking, comorbidities, and educational levels.

Materials and Methods: 169 diabetic patients participated. The methods of data collection included the Beck questionnaire Inventory and an oral interview. Then other data were obtained and were analyzed using SPSS 21.

Results: 130 patients (76.9%) were depressed (25.38% mild, 55.38% moderate, 19.23% severe). Only gender had a relationship with depression, and depression was higher in the females (P=0.041). 59.17% of the patients were illiterate and only 5.91% were academically educated, 94% had other comorbidities, and 60.94% had uncontrolled diabetes and HbA1C higher than 8.

Conclusions: Depression has high prevalence among diabetic patients, and it is affected only by gender. The control of diabetes among them is very poor, and most of them have other comorbidities.

Keywords: Depression, Diabetes mellitus Type 2, HbA1c, IGT, IFG

Citation: Norouzi Z, Kaviani M, Tarrahi M, Jariani M, Abdollahian M, et al. (2016) The Prevalence of Depression in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus Type II in the Shahid Rahimi Hospital of Khorramabad, Iran. Epidemiology (Sunnyvale) 6:249. Doi: 10.4172/2161-1165.1000249

Copyright: © 2016 Norouzi Z, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Review summary

  1. Tianna Brassington
    Posted on Oct 03 2016 at 2:33 pm
    Name of software should be presented correctly. The patient population should be described in the manuscript. Graduating according to severity of depression should be explained also.
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