The Role of Belief and Religion in Creation of Persian GardenNazanin Nafisi*, Mohamed Yusoff Abbas and Sara Nafisi
Department of Architecture Planning and Surveying, University Teknologi MARA (UiTM),40450, Shah Alam, Malaysia
- *Corresponding Asuthor:
- Nazanin Nafisi
Faculty of Architecture Planning Surveying Department
University Teknologi MARA (UiTM), 40450 Shah Alam, Malaysia
Tel: +60 3-5544 2000
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: August 31, 2015 Accepted: September 22, 2015 Published: October 03, 2015
Citation: Nafisi N, Abbas MY, Nafisi S (2015) The Role of Belief and Religion in Creation of Persian Garden. J Archit Eng Tech 4:153. doi:10.4172/2168-9717.1000153
Copyright: © 2015 Nafisi N, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The most important and profound spirit of traditional Iranian culture is the idea of “boostan” that means the nature and the human are in harmony. The Persian garden is the famous paradise in ancient Iran, and the Persian garden is the typical place to show the harmonious idea. If we understand the nature and ideal as (heaven) and understand the urban life as (human), then the ideal environment including natural tangibles in the city is the Paradise, which is the harmony between the nature and the human. In Iranian idea, the garden has a universal picture as it has changed into an inner view for centuries and is considered a portion of its culture. Aspects of this internal garden which takes its form from historical characteristics, religion and especially rooted customs of poems and spiritual schools can be seen in all aspects and stages of life. In other words, gardens are considered as spirit and symbol of nature and all over the world they are a way to refer to internal beliefs. Sometimes these flowers are portrayed in words but not in dry and senseless words like western literature. Persian gardens show the natural environment of tangibles, but look forward to the ideal of the sublimation of the real world. A significant notion, in the garden, is "simplicity. The findings indicated that functions and structure of gardens obscure the psychological feelings of acts of people. The positive relationship between Persian garden and religion was also in line with the behavior theory. The Persian cultural environment with structured religious relationships may have a tendency to spiritual and paradise simulation, for instance, on entering the Persian gardens, in the whole space alongside the major axis, landscapes of altitudes are visible.