alexa The Upper and Lower Body Aerobic Fitness of Semi-elite Rugby League Players

Aerobics & Fitness
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Research Article

The Upper and Lower Body Aerobic Fitness of Semi-elite Rugby League Players

Dale I Lovell1,*, Leonie Harvey1, Mathew Bousson1 and Chris McLellan2
1School of Health and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Science, Health & Education, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia
2Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine, Bond University, Queensland, Australia
Corresponding Author : Lovell DI
School of Health and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Science
Health & Education, University of the Sunshine Coast
Queensland 4556, Australia
Tel: 61 7 5459 4464003
Fax: 61 7 5430 4880
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 15, 2015; Accepted: December 23, 2015; Published: January 22, 2016
Citation: Lovell DI, Harvey L, Bousson M, McLellan C (2016) The Upper and Lower Body Aerobic Fitness of Semi-elite Rugby League Players. JAFO 1:101. doi:10.4172/JAFO.1000101
Copyright: © 2016 Lovell DI, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to measure the upper and lower body aerobic capacity of semi-elite Rugby League (RL) players. Methods: Twenty-two semi-elite RL players and 24 physically active but untrained men completed a maximal oxygen consumption test (VO2 max test) on a treadmill and electronic arm ergometer in a randomized order. Percent body fat was calculated from the sum of six skinfolds. Results: Lower and upper body absolute (P=0.03 and P=0.02 respectively) but not relative VO2 max was higher in the RL group compared to the control group. Upper body peak power (P=0.001), ventilation (P=0.05) and lactate concentration (P=0.03) were higher in the RL group compared to the control group. Maximum heart rate was lower during arm ergometry for both groups (P ≤ 0.001) compared to predicted and treadmill values. Conclusions: The results show that while semi-elite RL players have above average lower body aerobic capacity their upper body aerobic capacity is not well developed and similar to untrained men. Coaches and players need to implement separate and dedicated training programs to enhance the development of the upper body aerobic system in RL players. Upper body training should be based on maximal heart rate values achieved during upper body maximal testing.

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