alexa Tuberculosis Arthritis: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment
ISSN: 2329-910X

Clinical Research on Foot & Ankle
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Review Article

Tuberculosis Arthritis: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment

Chi-Chou Tseng1, Ruay-Ming Huang2 and Kow-Tong Chen3,4*
1Department of Orthopedics, Chi-Mei Medical Center, Liouying, Tainan, Taiwan
2Hualien Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Hualien, Taiwan
3Department of Occupational Medicine, Tainan Municipal Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan
4Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan
Corresponding Author : Kow-Tong Chen
Department of Occupational Medicine
Tainan Municipal Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan. No. 670
Chongde Road, East District, Tainan, Taiwan
Tel: +886-6-2609926
Fax: +886-6-2606351
E-mail: [email protected]; [email protected]
Received December 11, 2013; Accepted February 27, 2014; Published March 05, 2014
Citation: Tseng C, Huang R M ,Chen K T (2014) Tuberculosis Arthritis: Epidemiology, Diagnosis, Treatment. Clin Res Foot Ankle 2:131. doi:10.4172/2329-910X.1000131
Copyright: © 2014 Chen KT, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) arthritis accounts for approximately 1-3% of all cases of tuberculosis and for approximately 10-11% of extrapulmonary cases. TB arthritis primarily involves the large weight-bearing joints, in particular the hips, knees, and ankles, and occasionally involves smaller nonweight-bearing joints. The diagnosis of TB arthritis is often delayed due to lack of awareness, insidious onset, lack of characteristic early radiographic findings and often lack of constitutional or pulmonary involvement. Intense current and previous efforts into diagnostic, therapeutic, and preventive interventions have focused on pulmonary TB in adults, but TB arthritis has been relatively neglected. Additional research, understanding, and prevention of TB arthritis are urgently needed. In this article, we review the epidemiology, diagnosis, and principles of treatment of TB arthritis.

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