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Wax Impaction among School Children Aged 7-17 Years in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna, Nigeria | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-119X

Otolaryngology: Open Access
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  • Research Article   
  • Otolaryngol (Sunnyvale),
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-119X.1000376

Wax Impaction among School Children Aged 7-17 Years in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna, Nigeria

Abdullahi Musa Kirfi1*, Mohammed Bello Fufore2, Musa Thomas Samdi3 and Abubakar Danjuma Salisu4
1Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Head and Neck Surgery, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria
2Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Federal Medical Centre, Yola, Nigeria
3Department of Clinical Services, National Ear Care Centre, Kaduna, Nigeria
4Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author : Abdullahi Musa Kirfi, Department of Ear, Nose and Throat, Head and Neck Surgery, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Teaching Hospital, Bauchi, Nigeria, Tel: +2348035302296 , Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jul 18, 2019 / Accepted Date: Aug 16, 2019 / Published Date: Aug 23, 2019

Abstract

Background: Wax impaction may affect the hearing ability of pupils aged 7-17 years, making them find it difficult to cope with the normal classroom situation. We aimed to present our experience during a survey of schools in Kaduna metropolis, Kaduna Nigeria. Participants and Methods: This was a prospective cross sectional survey of primary and junior secondary school pupils. Ethical approval was obtained from the Kaduna state Ministry of health’s Health Research and Ethics Committee (HREC). Participants were selected in a stratified sampling fashion. Biodata and ear examination findings were recorded in a proforma. The collated data was analysed using Statistical package for the social sciences (SPSS) for Windows, version 20.0. Results: A total of 430 pupils (860 ears) were examined. The age range of participants was 7-17 years with mean age of 13.1 ± 1.8. Fifty participants had previous consultation with an ENT specialist in their life time. Five pupils had complaints of hearing impairment while 72 (16.74%) pupils complaint of pains in the ears. One hundred and twenty seven (29.53%) pupils were found to have impacted wax in their external auditory canals. They all had the wax removed using different modalities of treatment. Conclusion: Wax impaction was found to be common among school pupils aged 7-17 years of Kaduna metropolis. Regular health talks in schools should consist of ear care.

Keywords: Wax impaction; Pupils; Kaduna; Nigeria

Citation: Kirfi AM, Fufore MB, Samdi MT, Salisu AD (2019) Wax Impaction among School Children Aged 7-17 Years in Kaduna Metropolis, Kaduna, Nigeria. Otolaryngol (Sunnyvale) 9: 376. Doi: 10.4172/2161-119X.1000376

Copyright: © 2019 Kirfi AM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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