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Argentina is known as federal republic country. It is situated in the southeastern South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with its neighbour Chile, it is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north; Brazil to the northeast; Uruguay and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east; Chile to the west and the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi), Argentina is the 8th-largest country in the world, the 2nd largest in Latin America, and the largest to speak Spanish.
The geography of Argentina describes it as a country located in southern South America. Bordered by the Andes in the west and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, neighboring countries are Chile to the west, Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, and Brazil and Uruguay to the northeast.In terms of area. Its total area is approximately 2.7 million km². Argentina claims a section of Antarctica (Argentine Antarctica) but has agreed to suspend sovereignty disputes in the region as a signatory to the Antarctic Treaty. Argentina also asserts claims to several South Atlantic islands administered by the United Kingdom.
Argentina is one of the largest economies in Latin America with a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of more than US$ 540 billion. Argentina has focused on economic development with social inclusion. And it is the top performer in the region in reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity between 2004 and 2008. Incomes of the bottom 40% grew at an annualized rate of 11.8% compared to average income growth of 7.6%. This trend continued but slowed after 2008. As of 2014, 12.7% lived in poverty – defined as living on under $4 a-day. The Government has announced plans to reduce the primary deficit to 4.8% of GDP by the end of this year, 3.3% by 2017, 1.8% by 2018 and 0.3% by 2019.
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this island nation produced 5 Nobel laureates so far. César Milstein was an Argentinian biochemist who was awarded Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. Luis Federico Leloir was a French born Argentine physician and biochemist who received the 1970 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Numerous Psychiatry journals are published from Argentina with good reputation. Scientific Psychiatric Research journals produced in the Argentina include Argentinean Association of Psychiatrists, etc. These are some best Physiology universities in Argentina University of Toronto, McGill University, University of British Columbia, Queen`s University at Kingston, The University of Western Ontario, University of Waterloo, York University, McMaster University, Simon Fraser University